eISSN: 2299-0054
ISSN: 1895-4588
Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
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3/2017
vol. 12
 
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abstract:
Original paper

The choice of optimal antireflux procedure after laparoscopic cardiomyotomy: two decades of clinical experience in one center

Mindaugas Kiudelis
,
Egle Kubiliute
,
Egidijus Sakalys
,
Laimas Jonaitis
,
Antanas Mickevicius
,
Zilvinas Endzinas

Videosurgery Miniinv 2017; 12 (3): 238–244
Online publish date: 2017/06/27
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Introduction: Two types of partial wrap are commonly performed in achalasia patients after Heller myotomy: the posterior 270° fundoplication (Toupet) and the anterior 180° fundoplication (Dor). The optimal type of fundoplication (posterior vs. anterior) is still debated.

Aim: To compare the long-term rates of dysphagia, reflux symptoms and patient satisfaction with current postoperative condition between two fundoplication groups in achalasia treatment.

Material and methods: Our retrospective study included 97 consecutive patients with achalasia: 37 patients underwent laparoscopic posterior Toupet (270°) fundoplication followed by Heller myotomy (group I); 60 patients underwent laparoscopic anterior partial Dor fundoplication followed by Heller myotomy (group II). Long-term follow-up results included evaluation of dysphagia symptoms, intensity of heartburn and patient satisfaction with current condition.

Results: Patients in these two groups did not differ according to age, weight, height, postoperative stay or follow-up period. Laparoscopic myotomy with posterior Toupet fundoplication was effective in 89% of patients, while laparoscopic myotomy with anterior Dor was effective in 93% of patients (p > 0.05). 11% of patients after posterior Toupet fundoplication had clinically significant heartburn vs. 35% of patients after anterior Dor fundoplication (p < 0.05). Overall patient satisfaction with current condition was 88%, with no significant difference between the groups.

Conclusions: According to our study results, the two laparoscopic techniques were similarly effective in reducing achalasia symptoms, but postoperative clinical manifestation of heartburn is significantly more frequent after anterior Dor fundoplication (35% vs. 11%). The majority of patients (88%) were satisfied with operation outcomes.

keywords:

fundoplication, achalasia, laparoscopic Heller myotomy

  
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