eISSN: 1897-4309
ISSN: 1428-2526
Contemporary Oncology/Współczesna Onkologia
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SCImago Journal & Country Rank
1/2018
vol. 22
 
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abstract:
Original paper

The satisfaction of patients with breast cancer undergone immediate reconstruction with implant and the effect of radiotherapy

Ayse Y. Altinok, Nuran Bese, Halil Kara, Sukru Yazar, Cihan Unal

Contemp Oncol (Pozn) 2018; 22 (1): 27-30
Online publish date: 2018/04/03
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Aim of the study
Postmastectomy reconstructive surgery for cosmetic satisfaction of patients is rapidly increasing. Postoperative complications such as infection, capsular contracture, implant loss are more common in patients who receive adjuvant radiotherapy (RT) than those who do not. Satisfaction levels in patients is still a controversial issue. Therefore, we wanted to investigate our patient population for the effects of RT and planned a study evaluating the satisfaction rates of our patients who received implants.

Material and methods
Seventy five breast cancer patients who went through mastectomy and went through reconstruction using expanders or silicone implants were surveyed. Complication and cosmetic satisfaction rates were separately compared between irradiated and nonirradiated implants. Responses of 46 patients who answered the survey were analyzed using 2 test and Mann Whitney U test. p < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Results
Thirty-one of the patients received adjuvant RT and 15 did not receive RT (NRT). There was no difference between the RT and NRT groups in the terms of touch, size, shape of silicones, pain and satisfaction level in look of clothing. Only satisfaction in symmetry was significantly lower in the RT group than in the NRT group (p = 0.02). Additionally, patients receiving chemotherapy were less satisfied with silicone size than those who did not (p = 0.02).

Conclusion
We did not find negative effects, other than symmetry, of adjuvant radiotherapy in breast cancer patients who underwent reconstructive surgery in terms of cosmetic satisfaction.

keywords:

immediate implant, radiotherapy, patient satisfaction

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