Biology of Sport
eISSN: 2083-1862
ISSN: 0860-021X
Biology of Sport
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3/2022
vol. 39
 
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abstract:
Review paper

Variability of internal and external loads and technical/tactical outcomes during small-sided soccer games: a systematic review

Filipe Manuel Clemente
1, 2
,
Rodrigo Aquino
3
,
Gibson Moreira Praça
4
,
Markel Rico-González
5
,
Rafael Oliveira
6, 7
,
Ana Filipa Silva
8, 9
,
Hugo Sarmento
10
,
José Afonso
11

1.
Escola Superior Desporto e Lazer, Instituto Politécnico de Viana do Castelo, Rua Escola Industrial e Comercial de Nun’Álvares, 4900-347 Viana do Castelo, Portugal
2.
Instituto de Telecomunicações, Delegação da Covilhã, Lisboa 1049-001, Portugal
3.
LabSport, Department of Sports, Center of Physical Education and Sports, Federal University of Espírito Santo, Vitória, Espírito Santo, Brazil
4.
Sports Department, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil
5.
Department of Physical Education and Sport, University of the Basque Country, UPV-EHU, Lasarte 71, 01007 Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain
6.
Sports Science School of Rio Maior–Polytechnic Institute of Santarém, 2140-413, Rio Maior, Portugal
7.
Life Quality Research Centre, 2140-413, Rio Maior, Portugal
8.
N2i, Polytechnic Institute of Maia, 4475-690 Maia, Portugal
9.
The Research Centre in Sports Sciences, Health Sciences and Human Development (CIDESD), Vila Real 5001- 801, Portugal
10.
University of Coimbra, Research Unit for Sport and Physical Activity. Faculty of Sport Sciences and Physical Education, Coimbra, Portugal
11.
Centre for Research, Education, Innovation and Intervention in Sport, Faculty of Sport of the University of Porto, Porto, Portugal
Biol Sport. 2022;39(3):647–672.
Online publish date: 2021/08/27
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Small-sided games (SSGs) are widely used in soccer training. However, some of the typical outcomes related to human responses during these games (namely internal and external load) may vary between sessions for similar practice conditions. Thus, the study of intra- and inter-bout variability in response to SSGs is progressively growing. This systematic review aimed to (1) identify studies that have examined the intraand inter-session bouts’ variability levels regarding the internal and external load and technical/tactical outcomes during SSGs and (2) summarize the main evidence. A systematic review of PubMed, SPORTDiscus, Cochrane, and Web of Science databases was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. From the 486 studies initially identified, 24 were fully reviewed, and their outcome measures were extracted and analyzed. Sixteen studies analyzed internal load, 13 studies analyzed external load variables, six studies analyzed technical execution, and two studies analyzed tactical behavior. All studies included SSGs with a range number of players between 2 to 14 (1 vs. 1 to 7 vs. 7 SSGs). Internal load and low-speed external load variables presented a low variability, while high variations were reported regarding the technical execution and high-speed external loads.
keywords:

Football, Performance, Athletic performance, Conditioned games, Training load, Motor skills

 
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