eISSN: 2084-9834
ISSN: 0034-6233
Reumatologia/Rheumatology
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4/2012
vol. 50
 
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abstract:
Review paper

Vascular rheumatology: atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease in arthritis

Zoltán Szekanecz
,
Edit Végh
,
Andrea Váncsa
,
Szilvia Szamosi
,
Zoltán Szabó
,
Nóra Bodnár
,
Gabriella Szücs
,
Sándor Szántó
,
Pál Soltész
,
György Kerekes

Reumatologia 2012; 50, 4: 336–344
Online publish date: 2012/09/07
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Arthritides have been associated with accelerated atherosclerosis, increasing the risk of vascular disease. Traditional risk factors, as well as the role of systemic inflammation including activity of cytokines, chemokines, proteases, autoantibodies, adhesion molecules and others, have been implicated in the development of vascular diseases. Accelerated atherosclerosis and increased cardio- and cerebrovascular morbidity and mortality have been observed in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and spondyloarthropathies (SpA).

Endothelial dysfunction, overt atherosclerosis and vascular stiffness may be indicated by brachial artery flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD), common carotid intima-media thickness (ccIMT) and aortic pulse-wave velocity (PWV), respectively. These abnormalities have been described in most inflammatory rheumatic diseases. While ccIMT and stiffness are relatively stable, FMD may be influenced by many confounding factors.

In addition to traditional vasculoprotection, immunosuppressive agents including corticosteroids, traditional and biologic DMARDs may have significant vascular and metabolic effects. The official EULAR recommendations on the assessment and management of cardiovascular disease in arthritides have been published.
keywords:

atherosclerosis, cardiovascular disease, arthritis, endothelial dysfunction, biologics






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