eISSN: 1897-4295
ISSN: 1734-9338
Advances in Interventional Cardiology/Postępy w Kardiologii Interwencyjnej
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vol. 16
Short communication

Will the COVID-19 pandemic accelerate the implementation of single-day coronary angioplasty in Poland?

Andrzej Ciszewski

Department of Cardiology and Invasive Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiology, Warsaw, Poland
Adv Interv Cardiol 2020; 16, 2 (60): 184–186
Online publish date: 2020/06/01
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Single-day coronary angioplasty (S-D PCI) is becoming a preferred approach to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) among physicians and patients in developed countries [1–3]. Its safety has been proved in low and intermediate risk patients by randomized and observational studies [4–6].
The recent COVID-19 pandemic exerts extraordinary pressure to reduce the risk of infection transmission. In such a critical moment S-D PCI has emerged as a leader in preventing the spread of in-hospital infections.

Case report and results

I present a case of a 65-year-old male patient who, due to accelerated typical angina symptoms, could not wait for the decline of the pandemic and had right coronary artery (RCA) PCI performed in a single-day coronary invasive unit (S-D unit) on March 25th, 2020. Figure 1 shows the “culprit lesion”: diffused, long RCA stenosis: before and after implantation of 2 drug-eluting stents (DES). Blood tests, routinely necessary to be performed before an invasive procedure, had been evaluated 3 weeks earlier by a family doctor.
Now, in the COVID-19 era, the patient was subjected to special precautions and a protocol introduced in our hospital to diminish any risk for infection transmission. First there was a short epidemiological interview concerning the suspicion of COVID-19 infection, body temperature measurement and rapid blood test “2019 – nCoV IgG/IgM”, Vazyme Biotech Co. Ltd. After a negative result (10 min) and admission to hospital, the patient wore a face mask until his discharge and was placed in a single room in an S-D unit or in a cath lab. Special attention was paid so that during an about 6-hour-long stay in the S-D unit only one dedicated nurse and one doctor were in personal contact with the patient.
The personnel performing the invasive procedure in the cath lab were additionally equipped with full face plastic shields along with routinely used face masks, caps and gloves.
The crucial results and data concerning the risk for COVID-19 transmission are as follows. Length of stay in hospital 7 h 30 min (admission 7:05, discharge 14:35). The number of personnel with contact defined as dangerous for COVID-19 transmission (distance < 2 m, duration > 3 min) was limited to 5 persons. One person – admission formalities and epidemiological examination, 2 people (1 nurse and 1 treating/invasive cardiologist) in an S-D invasive unit, 2 people in a cath lab (1...

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