eISSN: 1644-4124
ISSN: 1426-3912
Central European Journal of Immunology
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vol. 48
Case report

A rare cause of steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome – a case report

Paulina Kuran
Emilia Platos
Małgorzata Mizerska-Wasiak
Małgorzata Pańczyk-Tomaszewska

Department of Pediatrics and Nephrology, Medical University of Warsaw, Poland
Student’s Scientific Group at the Department of Pediatrics and Nephrology, Medical University of Warsaw, Poland
Cent Eur J Immunol 2023; 48 (2): 158-162
Online publish date: 2023/06/30
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Steroid resistance is a common condition occurring in children with nephrotic syndrome. Until now, over 50 genes involved in steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS) pathogenesis have been identified, among which the most prevalent are NPHS1, NPHS2, CD2AP, and PTPRO. The patterns of inheritance of SRNS are autosomal recessive, autosomal dominant, or mitochondrial, and tissues of those patients show focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) signs in histopathological image analysis.

We present a case of a 6-year-old girl who was admitted to the pediatric nephrology department due to nephrotic range proteinuria and edema of the lower leg.

We started therapy with prednisone at a dose of 45 mg (60 mg/m2), enalapril as a nephroprotection, and antihistamines as an additional treatment. During in-patient treatment, we detected increased blood pressure. Due to persistent proteinuria in spite of 6-week treatment with steroids at the maximal dose, we confirmed disease resistance to steroids. Additionally, FSGS signs were confirmed in kidney biopsy samples. After genetic screening for SRNS and detection of the rare gene mutation NUP93 we reduced prednisone but maintained nephroprotective treatment and administered cyclosporin A. The girl remains currently under the care of nephrologists with normal arterial blood pressure, trace proteinuria in follow-up examination, and normal kidney function.

NUP93 mutation is extremely rare; therefore few cases have been described to date. The onset of the symptoms in all pediatric patients appeared before the age of 8 and they developed end stage kidney disease (ESKD). They might manifest symptoms from the other systems.

steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome, steroid resistance, children, rare mutation

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