Biology of Sport
eISSN: 2083-1862
ISSN: 0860-021X
Biology of Sport
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SCImago Journal & Country Rank
2/2018
vol. 35
 
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abstract:
Original paper

ADIPOQ polymorphisms are associated with changes in obesityrelated traits in response to aerobic training programme in women

Agata Leońska-Duniec
,
Anna Grzywacz
,
Zbigniew Jastrzębski
,
Aleksandra Jażdżewska
,
Ewelina Lulińska-Kuklik
,
Waldemar Moska
,
Katarzyna Leźnicka
,
Krzysztof Ficek
,
Agata Rzeszutko
,
Marcin Dornowski
,
Paweł Cięszczyk

Biol Sport. 2018;35(2):165–173
Online publish date: 2018/02/08
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Among genetic variants of the ADIPOQ gene +276 G>T (rs1501299) and –11377 G>C (rs266729) are the most frequently investigated polymorphisms which were described in the context of genetic conditioning for a predisposition to obesity. However, the information of polymorphisms’ potential modifying effect on obesityrelated traits achieved through training procedures are still unknown. DNA was extracted from buccal cells donated by the 201 participants and genotyping was carried out using real-time PCR. The genotype distribution was examined in a group of women measured for chosen traits before and after the completion of a 12-week training programme. Our results suggest that the ADIPOQ genotypes analyzed individually or in combination can modulate training-induced body mass measurements changes: after the training programme, carriers of rs1501299 T allele and rs266729 C allele were characterized by a greater reduction in fat mass percentage (FM), fat mass, and body mass. Moreover, the ADIPOQ polymorphisms were associated with changes in lipid profile in response to training. Additionally, we showed three main effects of genotypes for the FM, LDL-C (rs266729), and TBW (rs1501299). Our study indicate that the both polymorphisms are associated with changes in obesity-related traits in response to 12-week aerobic training programme in Caucasian women. From this evidence, it could be concluded that rs1501299 G and rs266728 G variants may be considered as disadvantageous factor in the context of training-induced effects on body mass traits.
keywords:

ADIPOQ gene, Gene x physical activity, interaction, Training programme, Obesity-related traits

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