eISSN: 1644-4124
ISSN: 1426-3912
Central European Journal of Immunology
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1/2019
vol. 44
 
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abstract:
Clinical immunology

Altered expression of microRNAs targeting Dkk-1 in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of patients with ankylosing spondylitis

Jinxian Huang, Guoxiang Song, Zhihua Yin, Zhongchao Fu, Lijun Zhang

(Centr Eur J Immunol 2019; 44 (1): 59-64)
Online publish date: 2019/04/15
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Introduction
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a chronic inflammatory disease characterised by new bone formation, and Dickkopf homologue 1 (Dkk-1) may contribute to the ankylosis of the sacroiliac joint as a main regulator of the Wingless (Wnt) pathway. Increasing evidence shows that microRNAs targeting Dkk-1 might play a critical role in the pathogenesis of rheumatic diseases. We aim to investigate alterations in expression of miRNAs targeting Dkk-1 in AS patients in this study.

Material and methods
The peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of 20 AS patients and 20 normal controls were collected in our study. Three miRNAs targeting DKK1 including miR-29a, miR-335,and miR-363 were selected and quantitative real-time PCR was used to identify the expression of the three miRNAs in these samples. Correlation analysis was conducted between altered miRNA expression and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP), Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI), Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Function Index (BASFI), and mSASSS (modified Stoke Ankylosing Spondylitis Spinal Score).

Results
The expression of miR-29a was significantly higher in AS patients than in healthy controls (p < 0.01), while no significance was observed in the expression of miR-335 and miR-363 between AS patients and healthy controls (p > 0.05). No correlation was observed between miR-29a and ESR, CRP, BASDAI, and BASFI (p > 0.05). The elevated miR-29a expression was correlated with disease duration and mSASSS (p < 0.05).

Conclusions
MiR-29a might be a useful marker in AS new bone formation and contributes to the regulation of Dkk-1 in Wnt signalling.

keywords:

ankylosing spondylitis, microRNA, Wnt pathway, Dkk-1

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