Biology of Sport
eISSN: 2083-1862
ISSN: 0860-021X
Biology of Sport
Current Issue Manuscripts accepted About the journal Editorial board Abstracting and indexing Archive Ethical standards and procedures Contact Instructions for authors Journal's Reviewers Special Information
Editorial System
Submit your Manuscript
SCImago Journal & Country Rank
vol. 40
Original paper

An ecological investigation of average and peak external load intensities of basketball skills and game-based training drills

Pierpaolo Sansone
1, 2
Lorenzo Gasperi
Bojan Makivic
Miguel Angel Gomez-Ruano
Antonio Tessitore
Daniele Conte

Faculty of Sport Sciences, Catholic University of Murcia, Murcia, Spain
UCAM Research Center for High Performance Sport, Catholic University of Murcia, Murcia, Spain
Facultad de Ciencias de La Actividad Física y Del Deporte, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
University of Applied Sciences Wiener Neustadt, Austria
Department of Movement, Human and Health Sciences, University of Rome ‘Foro Italico’, Rome, Italy
Institute of Sport Science and Innovations, Lithuanian Sports University, Kaunas, Lithuania
Biol Sport. 2023;40(3):649–656
Online publish date: 2022/09/15
View full text Get citation
PlumX metrics:
This study quantified average and peak external intensities of various basketball training drills. Thirteen youth male basketball players (age: 15.2±0.3 years) were monitored (BioHarness-3 devices) to obtain average and peak external load per minute (EL·min−1; peak EL·min−1) during team-based training sessions. Researchers coded the training sessions by analysing the drill type (skills, 1vs1, 2vs2, 3vs0, 3vs3, 4vs0, 4vs4, 5vs5, 5vs5-scrimmage), court area per player, player’s involvement in the drill (in percentage), playing positions (backcourt; frontcourt) and competition rotation status (starter; rotation; bench). Separate linear mixed models were run to assess the influence of training and individual constraints on average and peak EL·min−1. Drill type influenced average and peak EL·min−1 (p < 0.05), but with different directions of effects. EL·min−1 was higher in skills and 4vs0 drills, while higher peak EL·min−1 values were obtained in 5vs5 and 5vs5-scrimmage. Similarly, EL·min−1 was higher when involvement % increased (p = 0.001), while there was an opposite trend for peak EL·min−1 (lower with higher involvement %). Court area per player influenced peak (p = 0.025) but not average demands. No effects were found for playing position or competition rotation status (all p > 0.05), except for a moderately higher EL·min−1 in starters compared to bench players. The external load intensities of basketball training drills substantially vary depending on the load indicator chosen, the training content, and task and individual constraints. Practitioners should not interchangeably use average and peak external intensity indicators to design training but considering them as separate constructs could help to gain a better understanding of basketball training and competition demands.

worst-case scenario, small-sided games, training load, team sports, constraints

Quick links
© 2023 Termedia Sp. z o.o.
Developed by Bentus.