eISSN: 2081-2841
ISSN: 1689-832X
Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
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5/2019
vol. 11
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Analysis of dose distribution between contemporary and standard planning in high-dose-rate endobronchial brachytherapy based on three-dimensional imaging

Marcin Sawicki
,
Jarosław Łyczek
,
Zbigniew Szutkowski

J Contemp Brachytherapy 2019; 11, 5: 462–468
Online publish date: 2019/10/30
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Purpose
The treatment planning (TP) in high-dose-rate (HDR) endobronchial brachytherapy (EB) can be based on various forms of imaging. In the case of lung cancer, one-dimensional or two-dimensional imaging is standard. The dose coverage of the target (planning target volume – PTV) and organs at risk (OAR) is unknown, because the doses are calculated on the basis of the dose points. In modern brachytherapy, TP can be based on three-dimensional (3D) images. A plan created in this way contains information about the dose distribution in the PTV and OAR. Treatment plans based on standard planning (SP) and contemporary planning (CP) may differ in dose distribution in the patient’s body. Those differences between SP and CP may have an effect on the dose distribution in PTV, OAR and follow-up.

Material and methods
The study involved a group of 31 patients prospectively treated with advanced, inoperable, non-small cell lung cancer. As many as 76 treatment fractions were analyzed. Firstly, the coverage of the PTV parameter in 2D and 3D for V85, V100 and V115 was analyzed. Secondly, the dosage that OAR would take in was evaluated. In the cases of the heart, spinal cord and esophagus, the examined dosage equaled D0.1cm3, D1cm3 and D2cm3 for each of the structures. Also, heart D20 was examined as well as D5 for the healthy lung.

Results
The median dose to the target volume was on average 43.33% higher for V85 with the contemporary planning method when compared to standard planning, with statistical significance. This came with the cost of an OAR mean dose increase of 1 Gy in D0.1cm3 for the heart.

Conclusions
Contemporary TP in EB allows one to adjust the dose distribution for individual clinical situations and allows one to improve clinical target volume (CTV) coverage, increase doses to the OAR and increase overall survival. The use of new methods of treatment plans in EB has significantly increased the follow-up to 21 months in a treated group of patients.

keywords:

endobronchial brachytherapy, treatment planning, three-dimensional imaging

 
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