eISSN: 1897-4317
ISSN: 1895-5770
Gastroenterology Review/Przegląd Gastroenterologiczny
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SCImago Journal & Country Rank
2/2016
vol. 11
 
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abstract:
Review paper

Biomarkers of alcohol misuse: recent advances and future prospects

Iwona Jastrzębska, Agnieszka Zwolak, Michał Szczyrek, Agnieszka Wawryniuk, Barbara Skrzydło-Radomańska, Jadwiga Daniluk

Gastroenterology Rev 2016; 11 (2): 78–89
Online publish date: 2016/06/08
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Alcohol abuse and dependence are highly prevalent in many cultures and contribute considerably to the global burden of health and social issues. The current inability to accurately characterise long-term drinking behaviours is a major obstacle to alcoholism diagnosis and treatment. Therefore, it is of great importance to develop objective diagnostic tools to discern subjects with excessive alcohol use and alcoholism or to confirm abstinence. Research over past years has revealed several biochemical compounds with considerable potential for accurate reflection of alcohol intake. This review will address the issue of alcohol biomarker definition, the types of molecules used as so-called traditional biomarkers, and the compounds that can serve as novel biomarker candidates or components of biomarker panels.
keywords:

alcohol misuse, alcohol abuse, alcohol biomarkers

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