eISSN: 1644-4124
ISSN: 1426-3912
Central European Journal of Immunology
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2/2015
vol. 40
 
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abstract:

Clinical immunology
Archaea prevalence in inflamed pulp tissues

Magdalena Efenberger
,
Justyna Agier
,
Elżbieta Pawłowska
,
Ewa Brzezińska-Błaszczyk

(Centr Eur J Immunol 2015; 40 (2): 194-200)
Online publish date: 2015/08/03
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Archaea have been detected in several ecological niches of the human body such as the large intestine, skin, vagina as well as the oral cavity. At present, archaea are recognized as nonpathogenic microorganisms. However, some data indicate that they may be involved in the etiopathogenesis of several diseases, including intestinal diseases as well as oral diseases: periodontitis, peri-implantitis and endodontitis. In this study, on the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, we examined whether archaea might be present in inflamed pulp tissues and contribute to the development of endodontic infection. In comparison, we also determined selected bacterial species associated with endodontitis. We detected archaea in 85% of infected endodontic samples. In addition, Prevotella intermedia, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Tannerella forsythia and Treponema denticola were present in inflamed pulp tissue samples and Treponema denticola occurred with the highest frequency (70%). Further analysis revealed the presence of methanogenic archaea in analyzed samples. Direct sequencing of archaeal 16S rRNA gene PCR products indicated the occurrence of methanogenic archaea in inflamed pulp tissues; phylogenetically most similar were Methanobrevibacter oralis and Methanobrevibacter smithii. Therefore, our results show that methanogenic archaea are present in inflamed pulp tissues and may participate in the development of endodontic infection.
keywords:

archaea, inflammation, Methanobrevibacter oralis, endodontic infection, inflamed pulp tissues

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