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Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
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ABS 2015
5/2018
vol. 10
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Comparison of impact of target delineation of computed tomography- and magnetic resonance imaging-guided brachytherapy on dose distribution in cervical cancer

Lalida Tuntipumiamorn, Suphalerk Lohasammakul, Pittaya Dankulchai, Pitchayut Nakkrasae

J Contemp Brachytherapy 2018; 10, 5: 418–424
Online publish date: 2018/10/15
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Purpose
The dose distributions obtained from three imaging approaches for target delineation in cervical cancer using high-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy were investigated.

Material and methods
Ten cervical cancer patients receiving four fractions of HDR brachytherapy were enrolled. Based on different imaging approaches, three brachytherapy plans were developed for each patient: with the high-risk clinical target volume (HRCTV) delineated on magnetic resonance (MRI) images for every fraction (approach A; MRI-only); on MRI for the first fraction and computed tomography (CT) images for the subsequent fractions (approach B; MRI1st/CT); and on CT images for all fractions (approach C; CT-only). The volume, height, width at point A, width at maximum level, and dosimetric parameters (D100, D98, D95, and D90 of the HRCTV; and D0.1cc, D1cc, and D2cc of all organs at risk, or organ at risk – OAR: bladder, rectum, sigmoid colon, and bowel) provided by each approach were compared.

Results
The mean HRCTV volume, width, and height obtained from approach C (CT-only) were overestimated compared to those from approaches A (MRI-only) and B (MRI1st/CT). The doses to the HRCTV for approaches A and B were similar. However, the HRCTV doses for approach C were significantly lower than those for approaches A and B for all parameters (D95-D100). As to the OAR, the three approaches showed no differences.

Conclusions
A combination of MRI and CT is a safe alternative approach for cervical cancer HDR brachytherapy. The technique provides comparable dosimetric outcomes to MRI-based planning, while being more cost-effective.

keywords:

brachytherapy, cervix cancer, CT, MRI, target delineation

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