eISSN: 2081-2841
ISSN: 1689-832X
Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
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5/2020
vol. 12
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Development of a novel and low-cost anthropomorphic pelvis phantom for 3D dosimetry in radiotherapy

Somayyeh Babaloui
1, 2
,
Shakardokht Jafari
2, 3
,
Wojciech Polak
3
,
Mahdi Ghorbani
4
,
Michael WJ Hubbard
2
,
Annika Lohstroh
2, 5
,
Alireza Shirazi
1
,
Ramin Jaberi
2, 6

1.
Department of Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2.
Department of Physics, University of Surrey, Guildford, United Kingdom
3.
Medical Physics Department, Portsmouth Hospitals NHS Trust, Portsmouth, United Kingdom
4.
Biomedical Engineering and Medical Physics Department, Faculty of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
5.
School of Physical Sciences, The Open University, Milton Keynes, United Kingdom
6.
Radiation Oncology Research Centre (RORC), Cancer Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
J Contemp Brachytherapy 2020; 12, 5: 470–479
Online publish date: 2020/10/30
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Introduction
The aim of this study was to construct a low-cost, anthropomorphic, and 3D-printed pelvis phantom and evaluate the feasibility of its use to perform 3D dosimetry with commercially available bead thermoluminescent dosimeters (TLDs).

Material and methods
A novel anthropomorphic female phantom was developed with all relevant pelvic organs to position the bead TLDs. Organs were 3D-printed using acrylonitrile butadiene styrene. Phantom components were confirmed to have mass density and computed tomography (CT) numbers similar to relevant tissues. To find out clinically required spatial resolution of beads to cause no perturbation effect, TLDs were positioned with 2.5, 5, and 7.5 mm spacing on the surface of syringe. After taking a CT scan and creating a 4-field conformal radiotherapy plan, 3 dose planes were extracted from the treatment planning system (TPS) at different depths. By using a 2D-gamma analysis, the TPS reports were compared with and without the presence of beads. Moreover, the bead TLDs were placed on the organs’ surfaces of the pelvis phantom and exposed to high-dose-rate (HDR) 60Co source. TLDs’ readouts were compared with the TPS calculated doses, and dose surface histograms (DSHs) of organs were plotted.

Results
3D-printed phantom organs agreed well with body tissues regarding both their design and radiation properties. Furthermore, the 2D-gamma analysis on the syringe showed more than 99% points passed 3%- and 3-mm criteria at different depths. By calculating the integral dose of DSHs, the percentage differences were –1.5%, 2%, 5%, and 10% for uterus, rectum, bladder, and sigmoid, respectively. Also, combined standard uncertainty was estimated as 3.5% (k = 1).

Conclusions
A customized pelvis phantom was successfully built and assessed to confirm properties similar to body tissues. Additionally, no significant perturbation effect with different bead resolutions was presented by the external TPS, with 0.1 mm dose grid resolution.

keywords:

anthropomorphic phantom, 3D dosimetry, silica bead TLDs, radiotherapy

 
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