eISSN: 2081-2841
ISSN: 1689-832X
Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
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2/2021
vol. 13
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Dosimetric assessment of the impact of low-cost materials used in stereolithography in high-dose-rate brachytherapy

Grzegorz Bielęda
1, 2
,
Grzegorz Zwierzchowski
1, 2
,
Katarzyna Rosłan
3
,
Agnieszka Adamus
3
,
Julian Malicki
1, 2

1.
Electroradiology Department, Poznan’ University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland
2.
Medical Physics Department, Greater Poland Cancer Centre, Poznan, Poland
3.
Physics Faculty, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan, Poznan, Poland
J Contemp Brachytherapy 2021; 13, 2: 188–194
Online publish date: 2021/04/14
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Introduction
3D printing has become a popular and widely available technique of rapid prototyping. The impact of used materials on the dose distribution has been studied for high energy sources. However, brachytherapy sources emit lower energy photons, and materials used in 3D printing may differ. This study was conducted to analyze the influence of common materials (polylactic acid – PLA and acrylonitrile butadiene styrene – ABS) used in stereolitho­graphy.

Material and methods
A 3D-printed phantom was designed, printed, and used to calibrate Gafchromic films. In the next step, a range of 1 mm thick plates of PLA and ABS (from zero to thirty) were inserted between source and detector to measure the impact of studied materials on delivered dose. Measurements were performed using a calibrated radiochromic film and Farmer ionization chamber in water.

Results
No statistically significant correlation (p = 0.4854) between the thickness of inserted PLA and the dose delivered to the film was obtained. With ionization chamber, Spearman’s rank order test showed a significant correlation (p = 0.00004); however, the correlation was found weak. In case of ABS measurement, a statistically significant (p = 0.0159), yet weak negative correlation was found between the thickness of used material and the dose delivered to the film. On the other hand, a weak statistically significant (p = 0.0212) but positive correlation was found when the dose was measured with Farmer ionization chamber. We find these correlations false, as all measured doses were within the measurement uncertainty range (film ±8.0%, Farmer ±8.8%) from 100% of the prescribed dose.

Conclusions
According to obtained results, with the accuracy of measurement under clinical conditions, the impact of highly filled PLA and ABS printed objects on the dose distribution from an 192Ir source in water can be omitted.

keywords:

dosimetry, 3D printing, ABS, PLA

 
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