Biology of Sport
eISSN: 2083-1862
ISSN: 0860-021X
Biology of Sport
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vol. 40
Original paper

Effects of different maturity status on change of direction performance of youth tennis players

Jaime Fernandez-Fernandez
1, 2
Jose Canós-Portalés
Rafael Martínez-Gallego
Francisco Corbi
Ernest Baiget

Department of Physical Activity and Sports Sciences, Universidad de León, Spain
AMRED, Human Movement and Sports Performance Analysis, Universidad de León, Spain
National Institute of Physical Education of Catalonia, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
Faculty of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain
National Institute of Physical Education of Catalonia, University of Lleida, Lleida, Spain
Biol Sport. 2023;40(3):867–876
Online publish date: 2022/12/13
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The aim of this study was to examine the maturational status (i.e., peak height velocity [PHV]) differences in neuromuscular performance (i.e., vertical jump, linear sprint, change of direction (COD) using different tests, and change of direction deficit [CODD]) of young tennis players. One hundred and two tennis players (70 boys and 52 girls; age 13.9± 2.0 years, body mass 53.3± 12.7 kg, height 163.1± 11.9 cm) participated in the study and were divided into Pre-PHV (n = 26), Circa-PHV (n = 33) and Post-PHV (n = 43) groups. Testing included speed (5, 10, and 20 m), COD tests (i.e., modified 5-0-5, pro-agility and hexagon), and bilateral/unilateral countermovement jump (CMJ). Pre- and Circa-PHV players presented lower levels of performance in jumping ability (i.e., both bilateral and unilateral CMJs; P < 0.001; ES: 0.85 to 0.98), linear sprints (5 to 20 m; P < 0.05 to < 0.001; ES: 0.67 to 1.19) and COD ability tests (modified 5-0-5 test, proagility and hexagon) compared to the Post-PHV players. Moreover, Pre-PHV players presented lower CODD% (p < 0.05; ES: 0.68–0.72) than Post-PHV for both forehand and backhand sides, and Circa-PHV showed lower values in the CODD of the rolling situation to the forehand side (p < 0.05; ES: 0.58). Among the COD tests, the pro-agility test seems to be a simple, easy-to-implement and reliable test, which can provide interesting information about the COD with higher entry speeds. Moreover, specific training strategies related to the PHV and focused not only on the neuromuscular training and COD workouts, but also on maximizing motor skill proficiency, should be recommended.

peak height velocity, racket sport, static start, rolling start, change of direction deficit

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