Biology of Sport
eISSN: 2083-1862
ISSN: 0860-021X
Biology of Sport
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vol. 37
Original paper

Effects of heavy barbell hip thrust vs back squat on subsequent sprint performance in rugby players

Leandro Carbone
Mateo Garzón
Iván Chulvi-Medrano
Diego A. Bonilla
Diego A. Alonso
Javier Benítez-Porres
Jorge L. Petro
Salvador Vargas-Molina

Physical Activity and Sports, Faculty of Medical Science, University of Salvador, Buenos Aires, Argentina; LIFT Research Team, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Department of Physical and Sports Education. Faculty of Physical, Activity and Sport Sciences, University of Valencia, Spain
Research Division, DBSS INTERNATIONAL SAS, Bogotá, Colombia
Wingsport, Madrid, Spain
Department of Human Physiology, Physical Education and Sports, Faculty of Medicine, University of Málaga, Spain
Research Group in Physical Activity, Sports and Health Sciences, Universidad de Córdoba, Montería, Colombia
Biol Sport. 2020;37(4):325–331.
Online publish date: 2020/07/10
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The objective of this research was to compare the effect of Post-Activation Performance Enhancement (PAPE) exerted on the back squat (BS) versus the barbell hip thrust (HT) on the sprint performance (5- and

10-m). 17 male amateur rugby players participated in the study (age 22.14 ± 2.52 years; body mass 81.06 ± 9.6 kg; height 1.78 ± 0.05 m). All participants performed a dynamic maximum strength test (3RM) in BS and HT at maximum speed. Two randomized sessions were performed inducing PAPE using BS or HT trough three series with three repetitions at 85% 1RM eight minutes before the sprint tests. An ANOVA of repeated measurement, found no differences in the time for 5-m (F = 0.398, P = 0.537, η2p = 0.024) or 10-m (F = 2.589, P = 0.127, η2p = 0.139). There were no significant differences in the Protocol effect between HT and BS in 5-m or 10-m (F = 2.963, P = 0.104, η2p = 0.156 and F = 1.472, P = 0.243 η2p = 0.084, respectively). There were also no differences in the Time x Protocol interaction at 5-m (F = 0.001, P = 0.976, η2p < 0.001) or 10-m (F = 4.174, P = 0.058, η2p = 0.207). The effect size obtained in the results of the sprint tests was small in both exercises (ES < 0.2). None of the BS or HT exercises performed with heavy load induced a significant PAPE phenomenon on the ability to sprint in rugby players.

Resistance training, Muscle power, Physical performance, Warm-up exercise, Post-activation performance enhancement

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