Biology of Sport
eISSN: 2083-1862
ISSN: 0860-021X
Biology of Sport
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4/2022
vol. 39
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Effects of intensified training and tapering periods using different exercise modalities on judo-specific physical test performances

Ibrahim Ouergui
1
,
Imen Daira
1
,
Hamdi Chtourou
2, 3
,
Anissa Bouassida
1
,
Ezdine Bouhlel
4
,
Emerson Franchini
5
,
Luca P. Ardigò
6

1.
High Institute of Sport and Physical Education, Kef, University of Jendouba, Tunisie
2.
Institut Supérieur du Sport et de l’Education Physique de Sfax, Université de Sfax, Tunisie
3.
Activité Physique, Sport et Santé, UR18JS01, Observatoire National du Sport, Tunis, Tunisie
4.
Laboratory of Cardio-Circulatory, Respiratory, Metabolic and Hormonal Adaptations to Muscular Exercise, Faculty of Medicine Ibn El Jazzar, University of Sousse, Sousse, Tunisia
5.
Martial Arts and Combat Sports Research Group, School of Physical Education and Sport, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
6.
School of Exercise and Sport Science, Department of Neurosciences, Biomedicine and Movement Sciences, University of Verona, Verona, Italy
Biol Sport. 2022;39(4):875–881
Online publish date: 2021/11/10
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This study investigated the effects of intensified training and tapering periods using different exercise modalities on judo athletes’ physical fitness. Fifty-nine adolescent male and female judo athletes (age 15 ± 1 years) were randomly assigned to one of three experimental groups or one control group (CG). Experimental groups (kumi-kata [KG], uchi-komi [UG] and running [RG]) trained four times per week over four weeks of intensified training (in addition to their usual technical-tactical judo training; CG underwent only the usual training) followed by 12 days of tapering. The countermovement jump test (CMJ), isometric and dynamic judogi chin-up tests (JCT), uchi-komi speed test (UST), Special Judo Fitness Test (SJFT) and Judo Physical Fitness Test (JPFT) were administered before and after the intensified period and after tapering. The CMJ performance was superior in KG compared with UG, RG and CG. Isometric JCT performance was superior in KG compared with RG and CG. Regarding UST, performance was superior in UG compared with RG and CG. The same performance was superior with respect to the same groups considering pre-training to tapering change. The SJFT index did not differ between groups or time-points. The JPFT index increased after intensified and tapering periods compared with before training, with KG eliciting higher values compared with CG. Coaches and conditioning coaches could administer kumi-kata high-intensity interval training to enhance athletes’ judospecific physical fitness
keywords:

combat sports, athletic assessment, strength, speed, high-intensity interval training

 
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