Biology of Sport
eISSN: 2083-1862
ISSN: 0860-021X
Biology of Sport
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vol. 40
Review paper

Effects of re-warm-up protocols on the physical performance of soccer players: A systematic review with meta-analysis

Francisco Tomás González Fernández
1, 2
Hugo Sarmento
Álvaro Infantes-Paniagua
Rodrigo Ramirez-Campillo
5, 6, 7
Sixto González-Víllora
Filipe Manuel Clemente
8, 9

  1. Department of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences, Pontifical University of Comillas. CESAG, 07013 Palma, Spain
  2. SER Research Group, Pontifical University of Comillas. CESAG, 07013 Palma, Spain
  3. University of Coimbra, Research Unit for Sport and Physical Activity. Faculty of Sport Sciences and Physical Education, Coimbra, Portugal
  4. Faculty of Education of Albacete, Department of Physical Education, Arts Education, and Music, University of Castilla-La Mancha. 02071 Albacete, Spain
  5. Human Performance Laboratory. Department of Physical Activity Sciences. Universidad de Los Lagos. Santiago, Chile
  6. Centro de Investigación en Fisiología del Ejercicio. Facultad de Ciencias. Universidad Mayor. Santiago, Chile
  7. Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences Laboratory. School of Physical Therapy. Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences. Universidad Andres Bello. Santiago, Chile
  8. Escola Superior Desporto e Lazer, Instituto Politécnico de Viana do Castelo, Rua Escola Industrial e Comercial de Nun’Álvares, 4900-347 Viana do Castelo, Portugal
  9. Instituto de Telecomunicações, Delegação da Covilhã, Lisboa 1049-001, Portugal
Biol Sport. 2023;40(2):335–344.
Online publish date: 2022/06/01
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This systematic review aimed to (1) identify and summarize studies that have examined the effects of re-warm-up (RWU) protocols on the physical performance of soccer players (vertical jump height and sprint time) and (2) establish a meta-comparison between performing a re-warm-up and not performing one regarding the outcomes of the aforementioned outcomes. A systematic review of EBSCO, PubMed, SciELO, SPORTDiscus, and Web of Science databases was performed on 12 January, 2021, according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. From the 892 studies initially identified, four studies were reviewed, and three of these were included in the present meta-analysis. Compared to a control condition, there was a moderate effect of RWU on vertical jump height (ES = 0.66; p = 0.001; I2 = 0.0%). However, compared to a control condition, there was a trivial effect of RWU on linear sprint time (ES = 0.19; p = 0.440; I2 = 38.4%). The nature of RWU enhances the performance of players with an emphasis on actions requiring vertical jumps. Therefore, the results provide essential information that soccer coaching staff can use to improve the performance of their teams. The limited number of studies available for the meta-analysis may have magnified the impact of heterogeneity on linear sprint time findings. More high-quality studies, with homogeneous study designs, may help to clarify the potential benefits of RWU for linear sprint time.

Soccer, Football, Performance, Sports training, Warm-up, Neuromuscular, Vertical heigh jump, Linear sprinting, Half-time,

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