Biology of Sport
eISSN: 2083-1862
ISSN: 0860-021X
Biology of Sport
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3/2022
vol. 39
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Effects of strength training with elastic band programme on fitness components in young female handball players: a randomized controlled trial

Mehrez Hammami
1, 2
,
Nawel Gaamouri
1, 2
,
Herbert Wagner
3
,
Jeffrey C Pagaduan
4
,
Lee Hill
5
,
Pantelis T Nikolaidis
6
,
Beat Knechtle
7, 8
,
Mohamed Souhaiel Chelly
1, 2

1.
Research Unit (UR17JS01) « Sport Performance, Health & Society», Higher Institute of Sport and Physical Education of KsarSaîd, University of “La Manouba”, Tunis, Tunisia
2.
Higher Institute of Sport and Physical Education of Ksar Said, University of “La Manouba”, Tunis, Tunisia
3.
Department of Sport Science and Kinesiology, University of Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria
4.
School of Health Sciences, College of Health and Medicine, University of Tasmania, Newnham, Australia
5.
Division of Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Department of Pediatrics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada
6.
School of Health and Caring Sciences, University of West Attica, Athens, Greece
7.
Medbase St. Gallen Am Vadianplatz, St. Gallen, Switzerland
8.
Institute of Primary Care, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
Biol Sport. 2022;39(3):537–545.
Online publish date: 2021/07/15
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This study examined the effect of a 10-week programme of strength training with elastic band (STEB) on fitness components in young female handball players. Twenty-six young female handball players (aged 15.8 ± 0.2 years) from the same club participated in this study. They were randomly assigned between experimental (EG; n = 13) and control (CG; n = 13) groups. The EG performed the STEB, replacing some handball-specific drills in the regular handball training. The CG followed the regular handball training (i.e., mainly technical-tactical drills, small sided and simulated games, and injury prevention drills). Two-way analyses of variance were used to assess: handgrip; back extensor strength; medicine ball throw; 30 m sprint times; Modified Illinois change-of-direction (Illinois-MT); four jump tests: squat jump (SJ), countermovement jump (CMJ), countermovement jump with arm swing (CMJA) and five‑jump test (5JT); static (Stork test) and dynamic balance (Y Balance Test); and repeated sprint T-test (RSTT). Results revealed significant gains in handgrip - right (p < 0.001, d = 1.75: large), handgrip - left (p < 0.001, d = 2.52: large), back extensor (p < 0.001, d = 2.01: large), and medicine ball throw (p = 0.002, d = 0.95: large) with EG compared to the CG. The EG also demonstrated greater improvement in sprint performance over 20 m (Δ = 10.6%, p = 0.001, d = 1.07: large) and 30 m (Δ = 7.2%, p < 0.0001, d = 1.56: large) compared to the CG. The EG showed better Illinois-MT (Δ = 5.6%, p = 0.034, d = 0.62: medium) compared to the CG. Further, EG posted significant improvements in the SJ (Δ = 17.3%, p = 0.048, d = 0.58: medium), CMJ (Δ = 17.7%, p = 0.017 d = 0.71: medium), and CMJA (Δ = 16.3%, p = 0.019, d = 0.69: medium) compared to the CG. Similarly, the EG exhibited significant improvement in RSTT best time [p = 0.025, d = 0.66 (medium)], RSTT mean time [p = 0.019, d = 0.69 (medium)] and RSTT total time [p = 0.019, d = 0.69 (medium)] compared to the CG. In conclusion, the 10-week STEB improved the physical abilities in young female handball players.
keywords:

Repeated change of direction, Sprint, Jump, Skill, Team sports, Elastic band load capacity

 
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