eISSN: 2081-2841
ISSN: 1689-832X
Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
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Interview with Professor Janusz Skowronek
ABS 2015
vol. 9
Original paper

Effects of vaginal cylinder position on dose distribution in patients with endometrial carcinoma in treatment of vaginal cuff brachytherapy

Yurday Ozdemir, Yemliha Dolek, Cem Onal

J Contemp Brachytherapy 2017; 9, 3: 230–235
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Purpose: To investigate the impact of different cylinder positions on dosimetry of critical structures in patients with endometrial carcinoma undergoing three-dimensional image-based vaginal cuff brachytherapy (VCB).

Material and methods: We delivered VCB at a dose of 4 Gy to a depth of 5 mm in the vaginal cuff of 15 patients using three different cylinder positions (neutral [N], parallel [P], and angled [A]) according to the longitudinal axis of the patient. We analyzed the dose-volume distribution and volumetric variability of the rectum and bladder. We converted the total doses to equivalent doses in 2 Gy (EQD2) using a linear-quadratic model (a/b = 3 Gy).

Results: The mean rectum volume for the N, P, and A positions was 68.2 ± 22.7 cc, 79.3 ± 33.7 cc, and 74.2 ± 29.6 cc, respectively. The mean rectum volume for the P position was significantly larger than that for the N position (p = 0.03). Relative to the N position, the A position resulted in a lower total EQD2 in the highest irradiated 2 cc (D2cc; p = 0.001), 1 cc (D1cc; p = 0.004), and 0.1 cc (D0.1cc; p = 0.047) of the rectum. Similarly, the P position resulted in a lower EQD2 in the D2cc (p = 0.018) and D1cc (p = 0.024) of the rectum relative to the N position. In the bladder, the P position resulted in a higher EQD2 in the D2cc relative to the N position (p = 0.02). There was no dosimetric difference between the P and A positions in either the rectum or the bladder.

Conclusions: Vaginal cuff brachytherapy in the P and A positions is significantly superior to that in the N position in terms of rectum dosimetry. The bladder dose in the N position is considerably lower than that in the other positions.

brachytherapy, cylinder positions, endometrial cancer, EQD2

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