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Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
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vol. 9
Case report

Electronic brachytherapy management of atypical fibroxanthoma: report of 8 lesions

Stephen Doggett, James Brazil, Marketa Limova, Leah Press, Sidney Smith, Jeremy Peck

J Contemp Brachytherapy 2017; 9, 2: 158–160
Online publish date: 2017/01/25
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Purpose: To evaluate the suitability of treating atypical fibroxanthoma (AFX), an uncommon skin malignancy, with electronic brachytherapy.

Material and methods: From Feb 2013 to Sep 2014, we were referred a total of 8 cases of AFX in 7 patients, all involving the scalp. All of them were treated with electronic brachytherapy 50 Kev radiations (Xoft Axxent®, Fremont, California). All lesions received 40 Gy in two fractions per week with 5mm margins.

Results: At a median follow-up of 23.7 months, the local recurrence rate is 12.5%. The single lesion that failed was not debulked surgically prior to electronic brachytherapy.

Conclusions: To our knowledge, this is the first report in the literature on the use of radiation therapy as curative primary treatment for AFX. No contraindication to the use of radiations is found in the literature, with surgery being the sole treatment for AFX noted. Our recurrence rate is 0% for debulked lesions. Risk of recurrence is mitigated with surgical debulking prior to brachytherapy. Electronic brachytherapy appears to be a safe and effective treatment for debulked AFX. Multiple excisions, skin grafting, and wound care can be avoided in elderly patients by the use of electronic brachytherapy.

atypical fibroxanthoma, electronic brachytherapy, radiation therapy, skin

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