en ENGLISH
eISSN: 2300 - 8660
ISSN: 0031-3939
Pediatria Polska - Polish Journal of Paediatrics
Bieżący numer Archiwum Artykuły zaakceptowane O czasopiśmie Rada naukowa Bazy indeksacyjne Kontakt Zasady publikacji prac Standardy etyczne i procedury
SCImago Journal & Country Rank

 
2/2021
vol. 96
 
Poleć ten artykuł:
Udostępnij:
więcej
 
 
streszczenie artykułu:
Artykuł oryginalny

Epidemiologic study of children hospitalized with addictive substance intoxication

Farnaz Jelodarzadeh
1
,
Mehran Hakimzadeh
2
,
Farkhodeh Jamshidi
3

1.
Student Research Committee, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
2.
Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Abouzar Hospital , Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
3.
Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Department of Forensic Medicine, School of Medicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
Pediatr Pol 2021; 96 (2): 89–93
Data publikacji online: 2021/07/01
Pełna treść artykułu
Pobierz cytowanie
ENW
EndNote
BIB
JabRef, Mendeley
RIS
Papers, Reference Manager, RefWorks, Zotero
AMA
APA
Chicago
Harvard
MLA
Vancouver
 
Metryki PlumX:


Introduction
Today, with the increasing prevalence of drug addiction in society, the number of children admitted to pediatric hospitals due to intoxication is increasing. The aim of this study was to evaluate the epidemiology of children hospitalized with narcotic drug intoxication.

Material and methods
It was retrospective study, the records of 300 children under 14 years (including 179 boys and 114 girls) were evaluated who were admitted to Ahvaz Abuzar and Razi hospitals following intoxication with a variety of addictive substances (opium, methadone, heroin, etc.) in 2011-2016. Demographic data, patient records, poisoning information, paraclinical and treatment information and plans were recorded.

Results
Most common causes of poisoning were Methadone 40.3%, novan (a type of sleeping Medicin) 32%, and opium 8.7%. The most common symptoms among patients were drowsiness 10.3%, decreased level of consciousness 8.3%, fever , seizures and eloquence 7.3% and patients with asymptomatic were 1.3%. GE infection was the most common underlying disease (1%), and 96% of patients did not have an underlying disease. Percentage of of patients hospitalized were 77% for 1-3 days and 3% were not hospitalized for reasons such as death. Main treatment plans were Ampul Naloxan (Maximim 10 mg) + NG Washing 16.3%, only Ampul Naloxan 9.3% and Charcol + Sorbitol + Ampul Naloxan + NG Washing 8.3%. 61% of patients were discharged with favorable conditions and 30.3% of patients were discharged with personal consent.

Conclusions
Finding has shown that children aged 0-2 years were the most exposed to poisoning, and that methadone was the most important drug used. Given the risk of dying in poisoned children, it is necessary to prevent such intoxications, which may be deliberate, by formulating laws, while raising awareness.