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ISSN: 1689-832X
Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
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5/2019
vol. 11
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Evaluation of deformable image registration algorithm for determination of accumulated dose for brachytherapy of cervical cancer patients

Reza Mohammadi
,
Seied Rabi Mahdavi
,
Ramin Jaberi
,
Zahra Siavashpour
,
Leila Janani
,
Ali Soleimani Meigooni
,
Reza Reiazi

J Contemp Brachytherapy 2019; 11, 5: 469–478
Online publish date: 2019/10/15
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Purpose
This study was designed to assess the dose accumulation (DA) of bladder and rectum between brachytherapy fractions using hybrid-based deformable image registration (DIR) and compare it with the simple summation (SS) approach of GEC-ESTRO in cervical cancer patients.

Material and methods
Patients (n = 137) with cervical cancer treated with 3D conformal radiotherapy and three fractions of high-dose-rate brachytherapy were selected. CT images were acquired to delineate organs at risk and targets according to GEC-ESTRO recommendations. In order to determine the DA for the bladder and rectum, hybrid-based DIR was done for three different fractions of brachytherapy and the results were compared with the standard GEC-ESTRO method. Also, we performed a phantom study to calculate the uncertainty of the hybrid-based DIR algorithm for contour matching and dose mapping.

Results
The mean ± standard deviation (SD) of the Dice similarity coefficient (DICE), Jaccard, Hausdorff distance (HD) and mean distance to agreement (MDA) in the DIR process were 0.94 ±0.02, 0.89 ±0.03, 8.44 ±3.56 and 0.72 ±0.22 for bladder and 0.89 ±0.05, 0.80 ±0.07, 15.46 ±10.14 and 1.19 ±0.59 for rectum, respectively. The median (Q1, Q3; maxi­mum) GyEQD2 differences of total D2cc between DIR-based and SS methods for the bladder and rectum were reduced by –1.53 (–0.86, –2.98; –9.17) and –1.38 (–0.80, –2.14; –7.11), respectively. The mean ± SD of DICE, Jaccard, HD, and MDA for contour matching were 0.98 ±0.008, 0.97 ±0.01, 2.00 ±0.70 and 0.20 ±0.04, respectively for large deformation. Maximum uncertainty of dose mapping was about 3.58%.

Conclusions
The hybrid-based DIR algorithm demonstrated low registration uncertainty for both contour matching and dose mapping. The DA difference between DIR-based and SS approaches was statistically significant for both bladder and rectum and hybrid-based DIR showed potential to assess DA between brachytherapy fractions.

keywords:

deformable image registration, brachytherapy, cervix, HDR

 
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