eISSN: 1897-4295
ISSN: 1734-9338
Advances in Interventional Cardiology/Postępy w Kardiologii Interwencyjnej
Current issue Archive Manuscripts accepted About the journal Editorial board Abstracting and indexing Subscription Contact Instructions for authors
SCImago Journal & Country Rank
1/2021
vol. 17
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Fractional flow reserve, quantitative flow ratio, and instantaneous wave-free ratio: a comparison of the procedure-related dose of ionising radiation

Greta Ziubryte
1
,
Gediminas Jarusevicius
1

1.
Department of Cardiology, Hospital of Lithuanian University of Health Sciences Kaunas Clinics, Institute of Cardiology, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania
Adv Interv Cardiol 2021; 17, 1 (63): 33–38
Online publish date: 2021/03/27
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Introduction
The development of interventional cardiology increases the number of invasive procedures which are inevitably associated with increased exposure to ionizing radiation and associated risks. A percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) substantiated by evaluation of the coronary artery lesion’s functional significance is recommended by both European and American cardiologists. Nevertheless, the prevalence of physiology-guided PCIs does not exceed 10% all over the globe. Aim: To identify the physiology evaluation method which is associated with the lowest exposure to ionising radiation.

Material and methods
Anonymised data of 421 patients with stable angina pectoris for whom elective coronary artery angiography followed by physiological assessment of intermediate coronary artery stenosis was performed were prospectively included in this study. Only diagnostic-procedure-related data of dose of ionizing radiation were analysed. Physiological assessment of coronary artery lesions was performed by fractional flow reserve (FFR), quantitative flow ratio (QFR), or instantaneous wave-free ratio (iFR).

Results
Compared to FFR as a reference, fluoroscopy time (FT) was almost half in QFR and almost double in iFR, p < 0.001. QFR was associated with more than 3 times shorter FT compared to iFR. The dose area product was 663.87 ±260.51 cGy/cm2 (p = 0.03) lower in QFR compared to iFR.

Conclusions
QFR is associated with significantly reduced exposure to ionising radiation compared to both FFR and iFR. Therefore, wider QFR application in clinical practice could eliminate any additional exposure to ionising radiation and increase the prevalence of physiology-guided coronary artery revascularization.

keywords:

fractional flow reserve, ionising radiation, quantitative flow ratio, instantaneous wave-free ratio, physiology-guided coronary revascularisation

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