Biology of Sport
eISSN: 2083-1862
ISSN: 0860-021X
Biology of Sport
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vol. 41
Review paper

Injury incidence and characteristics in adolescent female football players: A systematic review with meta-analysis of prospective studies

Marcos Quintana-Cepedal
1, 2
Ismael López-Aguado
Ana Fernández-Somoano
3, 4
Miguel Ángel Rodríguez
Miguel del Valle
2, 5
Hugo Olmedillas
1, 2

  1. Department of Functional Biology, University of Oviedo, Oviedo, Spain
  2. Asturian Research Group in Performance, Readaptation, Training and Health (ASTURES), University of Oviedo, Oviedo, Spain
  3. Unidad de Epidemiología Molecular del Cáncer, Instituto Universitario de Oncología del Principado de AsturiasDepartamento de Medicina, Universidad de Oviedo, Oviedo, Spain
  4. Spanish Consortium for Research on Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERSP), Madrid, Spain
  5. Department of Cellular Morphology and Biology, University of Oviedo, Oviedo, Spain
Biol Sport. 2024;41(3):137–151
Online publish date: 2024/01/30
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To observe overall, training, and match injury incidence in female youth football. We also aimed to quantify the incidence of injuries by affected tissue and body location. The following databases were examined: PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, SPORTDiscus, Cochrane and PEDro. Papers that reported overall injury incidence, training or match injury incidence were included. Additionally, studies had to be performed in adolescent female football players (13 19 years of age). The Newcastle-Ottawa Scale and the checklist of items that must be included in epidemiological football reports were used to assess methodological quality of the included articles. For the meta-analyses, a random effect model was used. A total of 13 studies were included. There were 2,333 injuries; incidence was higher during games (12.7/1000 h) compared to training sessions (2.3/1000 h). The injury match-to-training ratio was 5.8. The lower limbs were the region in which the greatest number of injuries occurred, with the ankle (1.2/1000 h) and knee (0.8/1000 h) having the most injuries. In relation to injured tissue, ligament injuries represented an incidence of 1.3/1000 h, followed by muscle injuries (0.9/1000 h). This study represents the first step towards the creation and implementation of preventative measures in female youth football. The results suggest that attention should be focused on ankle and knee injuries, since they are the most frequent and can lead to sport retirement in some cases depending on the severity.

Epidemiology, Football, Adolescent athlete, Injuries, Diagnosis

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