eISSN: 2081-2841
ISSN: 1689-832X
Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
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vol. 16
Original paper

Intensity-modulated vaginal brachytherapy applicator and single- and multi-channel applicators in vaginal cuff brachytherapy

Fatih Biltekin
Husnu Fadil Akyol
Melis Gultekin
Melek Tugce Yilmaz
Ferah Yildiz

  1. Department of Radiation Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey
J Contemp Brachytherapy 2024; 16, 2: 132–138
Online publish date: 2024/04/18
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To compare the dosimetric performance of vaginal intensity-modulated brachytherapy (IM-BRT) applicator and single- (SC-BRT) and multi-channel brachytherapy (MC-BRT) applicators for vaginal cuff brachytherapy (VC-BRT).

Material and methods:
Fifteen patients with uterine-confined endometrium cancer who received adjuvant VC-BRT were included in this study. IM-BRT, SC-BRT, and MC-BRT treatment plans were created for two different clinical target volume (CTV) definitions: 1. Standard CTV, called CTVs; and 2. Virtually defined CTV, called CTVv, with asymmetrical tumor extension > 5 mm in thickness. Plan comparison was performed using dose-volume histogram (DVH) and treatment planning parameters.

According to DVH analysis, D98 for CTVv and D2 for both CTVs and CTVv showed statistically significant differences between IM-BRT and SC-BRT plans, but there was no significant difference between IM-BRT and MC-BRT plans in terms of D98 and D2 for both CTVs and CTVv. Additionally, for CTVv plans, IM-BRT was found to be significantly superior to SC-BRT for the rectum (D2cc, V5Gy, and V7Gy), bladder (D2cc and V7Gy), and small bowel (D2cc, V5Gy, and V7Gy). On the other hand, DVH parameters of the sigmoid showed large difference between IM-BRT and SC-BRT plans, but it was not statistically significant. Similarly, the use of IM-BRT applicator demonstrated a noticeable dose reduction in all defined OARs when compared with MC-BRT applicator, but statistically significant for the rectum V7Gy (p = 0.03) only.

While the IM-BRT applicator is still in pre-clinical phase, our investigation demonstrated the proof-of-concept in real patient treatment plans with promising dosimetric results compared with SC-BRT and MC-BRT plans in selected patient group.


brachytherapy, endometrium cancer, applicator

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