Biology of Sport
eISSN: 2083-1862
ISSN: 0860-021X
Biology of Sport
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1/2023
vol. 40
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Karatekas educated on injury prevention and supported by fitness coaches are more likely to practise injury prevention

Montassar Tabben
1
,
Dušana Augustovičová
2
,
Jeremy Coquart
3
,
Khalid Alkhelaifi
1
,
Karim Chamari
1
,
Rafael Arriaza
4, 5

1.
Aspetar Qatar Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, Doha, Qatar
2.
Faculty of Physical Education and Sports, Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovakia
3.
Univ. Lille, Univ. Artois, Univ. Littoral Côte d’Opale, ULR 7369 – URePSSS – Unité de Recherche Pluridisciplinaire Sport Santé Société, F-59000 Lille, France
4.
Physical Education and Sports School, Universidade da Coruña, A Coruña, Spain
5.
Instituto Médico Arriaza y Asociados, A Coruña, Spain
Biol Sport. 2023;40(1):171–177.
Online publish date: 2022/02/18
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To determine the current perceptions and practices of top-level karate athletes concerning risk factors and injury prevention programme (IPP) implementation in training and competition. Out of 90 eligible countries(933 athletes) participating in the karate World Senior Championships(WSC) in Madrid 2018, 50 countries (55.6%) represented by 137 athletes (14.7%; 52 females and 85 males) responded to a structured questionnaire. Of the athletes responding, 45% reported that their national team did not conduct any measures to reduce injury risk (43% among females and 47% among males; p = 0.68). Kumite athletes (51%) were more likely to practise injury prevention compared to kata athletes (25%; p = 0.016). Of the respondents, 69%, 60%, 60% and 34% reported having no team doctor, fitness coach, massage therapist and physiotherapist, respectively. A greater proportion of athletes who had access to a fitness coach (part-time or full-time) engaged in injury prevention strategies (67% and 51%, respectively) than those who did not (35%; p = 0.031). Athletes who had received previous advice about injury prevention were more likely to practise injury prevention (58%) compared to the rest (21%; p < 0.001). The current study revealed that: i) almost half of the karatekas already benefited from an injury prevention programme, ii) injury prevention programmes were practised more frequently when there was a fitness coach among their coaching staff, iii) karatekas who had received education about injury prevention were more likely to practise injury prevention programmes.
keywords:

Combat sports, Prevention, Epidemiology, Implementation, Perception

 
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