Biology of Sport
eISSN: 2083-1862
ISSN: 0860-021X
Biology of Sport
Current Issue Manuscripts accepted About the journal Editorial board Abstracting and indexing Archive Ethical standards and procedures Contact Instructions for authors Journal's Reviewers Special Information
SCImago Journal & Country Rank

vol. 38
Original paper

Repercussions of the COVID-19 pandemic on athletes: a cross-sectional study

Lucas R Lopes
1, 2
Vitor AR Miranda
Rodrigo A Goes
Gabriel GA Souza
Giuliana R Souza
Jessica CS Rocha
1, 3
Victor RA Cossich
3, 4
Jamila A Perini
1, 2, 3

Laboratório de Pesquisa de Ciências Farmacêuticas, Centro Universitário Estadual da Zona Oeste (UEZO), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Programa de Pós-graduação em Saúde Pública e Meio Ambiente, Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (Fiocruz), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Divisão de Pesquisa, Instituto Nacional de Traumatologia e Ortopedia (INTO), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Laboratório de Biomecânica, Escola de Educação Física e Esportes (EEFD), Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ – Brazil
Biol Sport. 2021;38(4):703-711
Online publish date: 2021/05/21
View full text
Get citation
JabRef, Mendeley
Papers, Reference Manager, RefWorks, Zotero
The COVID-19 pandemic has presented significant challenges and implications for the sports community. Thus, this study aimed to describe the prevalence of COVID-19 in Brazilian athletes and identify the epidemiological, clinical, athletic, life and health factors associated with the disease in these individuals. A cross-sectional study was performed involving 414 athletes from 22 different sports using an online questionnaire from August to November 2020. The association between the athletes’ characteristics and COVID-19 was evaluated using a logistic regression model. The prevalence of COVID-19 was 8.5%, although only 40% of athletes reported having been tested. Being under 27 years of age (3-fold), having children (~5-fold), havinga teammate test positive for COVID-19 (2.5-fold), and smoking (14-fold) were associated with a possible higher risk of disease. Almost 20% of athletes self-reported musculoskeletal injuries during the period of the pandemic that was studied. Athletes with a university education (P = 0.02), a profession other than sports (P < 0.001), those from a low-income family (P = 0.01), and public health system users (P = 0.04) were significantly less frequently tested for COVID-19, whereas international competitors, athletes who received a wage, and athleteswho had a teammate who tested positive for COVID-19 were 2-, 3-, and 15-fold more likely to be tested for COVID-19, respectively. Approximately 26% of the athletes who tested negative or were untested reported more than three characteristic COVID-19 symptoms, and 11% of athletes who tested positive for COVID-19 were asymptomatic. The identification of modifiable (have children, smoking, and teammates positively tested) and non-modifiable (age under 27 years) factors related to COVID-19 in athletes can contribute to implementing surveillance programmes to decrease the incidence of COVID-19 in athletes and its negative impacts in sports.

COVID-19, Athletes, Prevalence, Epidemiological, Associated factors

Quick links
© 2021 Termedia Sp. z o.o. All rights reserved.
Developed by Bentus.
PayU - płatności internetowe