eISSN: 2299-0054
ISSN: 1895-4588
Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
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vol. 18
Original paper

Risk factors predicting acute postoperative pain immediately after minimally invasive inguinal hernia repair

Egle Kubiliute
Donatas Venskutonis
Audrius Parseliunas
Ernest Margelis
Mindaugas Kiudelis

Clinic of General Surgery, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania
Clinic of Surgery, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania
Videosurgery Miniinv 2023; 18 (3): 475–480
Online publish date: 2023/06/13
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Acute postoperative pain remains one of the most common problems, even after laparoscopic or endoscopic hernia repair. Avoiding predictive factors for acute pain after surgery or prescribing additional analgesia for a patient who has risk factors that cannot be removed can be one of the options to reduce acute postoperative pain. However, there is a lack of clinical studies that evaluate the predictive factors of postoperative pain after transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) and totally extraperitoneal (TEP) surgeries.

To identify independent risk factors predicting pain after laparoscopic and endoscopic inguinal hernia repair.

Material and methods:
A prospective, randomized clinical trial was carried out by randomising patients into 2 groups (TAPP and TEP). Pre-operative and peri-operative findings were recorded. Postoperative pain was evaluated 3 h after the surgery using a visual analogue scale (VAS). Groups of patients who felt mild pain (VAS 0–2) and patients who felt average or severe pain (VAS 3–10) were compared.

A total of 132 male patients were included in the study. Disease duration of more than one year, smoking, and TAPP surgery significantly increase the risk of moderate and strong pain 3 h after surgery. Conversely, shorter duration of symptoms and physical occupation decrease the risk of acute pain score greater than 3 according to the VAS.

The study shows that the duration since groin hernia appearance, smoking, physical occupation, and TAPP technique are possible predictive factors for acute postoperative pain after minimally invasive inguinal hernia repair. We suggest that for patients who have those predictors, some factors can be avoided or additional analgesia can be used.


totally extraperitoneal, inguinal hernia, transabdominal preperitoneal, minimally invasive inguinal hernia repair, predictive factors for acute postoperative pain

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