eISSN: 2299-0038
ISSN: 1643-8876
Menopause Review/Przegląd Menopauzalny
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3/2022
vol. 21
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Severity of climacteric symptomatology related to depression and sexual function in women from a private clinic

Alexandra Liñan-Bermudez
1
,
Jhony Chafloque-Chavesta
1
,
Pamela Leon Pastuso
1
,
Kiaraliz Huambachano Pinedo
2
,
John Barja-Ore
2

1.
Academic Department, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima, Perú
2.
Academic Department, Universidad Privada del Norte, Lima, Perú
Menopause Rev 2022; 21(3): 165-169
Online publish date: 2022/09/28
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Introduction
The climacteric is a natural transition stage in women, in which hormonal changes occur that affect the physical and psychological well-being. Therefore, the objective was to determine the relationship of the severity of climacteric symptomatology with depression and sexual function in women.

Material and methods
It was a descriptive, cross-sectional study, with a sample of 60 women between 40 and 65 years old. The Female Sexual Function Questionnaire-2, the Menopause Rating Scale, and the Beck Depression Inventory were used.

Results
: The mean age of the women was 49.1 ±5.6 years. 21.7% of the women had severe depression, 28.3% moderate, and 50% mild/minimal. Changes in sleep habits (1.73 ±0.88) and in appetite (1.63 ±0.73) were the most severe manifestations. Difficulty sleeping (1.05 ±0.99), physical and mental fatigue (1.48 ±0.98), and vaginal sequelae (1.45 ±1.26) were the most serious complaints in the somatic, psychological, and urogenital domains, respectively. 60% presented severe sexual dysfunction regarding genital pain and 55% in vaginal penetration. Communicating sexual preferences to the partner was common in 75% of women. 88.3% had frequent sexual activity, but 63.3% had zero or low sexual satisfaction.

Conclusions
Climacteric symptomatology is related to depression but not to women’s sexual function.

keywords:

menopause, depression, psychosexual dysfunction, sexual health, women’s health

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