eISSN: 2081-2841
ISSN: 1689-832X
Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
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vol. 10
Original paper

Should molecular subtype be recommended as one of the selection criteria for accelerated partial breast irradiation? Preliminary results from an Asian cohort

Tabassum Wadasadawala
Monidipa Mondal
Siji Nojin Paul
Vani Parmar
Nita Nair
Tanuja Shet
Sangeeta Desai
Sudeep Gupta
Rajiv Sarin

J Contemp Brachytherapy 2018; 10, 1: 47–57
Online publish date: 2018/02/28
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The purpose of this study was to report clinical outcomes in patients treated with accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI), stratified as per molecular subtype and American Society for Therapeutic Radio­logy and Oncology/Groupe Européen de Curiethérapie and European Society for Radiotherapy & Oncology (ASTRO/GEC-ESTRO) patient selection criteria in order to determine whether molecular subtype should be recommended as one of the selection criteria for APBI.

Material and methods
157 early-stage breast cancers patients, treated with APBI using multi-catheter interstitial brachytherapy with ≥ 6 months follow-up were included. Molecular subtype was assigned based on estrogen/progesterone receptor (ER/PR), Her2neu and tumor grade. Patients were stratified into ASTRO and GEC-ESTRO risk groups, as per updated ASTRO consensus statement (CS) and GEC-ESTRO recommendation, respectively. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate the time to event data of clinical outcomes.

With a median follow-up of 35 months, local control (LC) and locoregional control (LRC) were not significantly different among the different molecular subtypes (p = 0.19, p = 0.41, respectively). None of the APBI guidelines predicted risk of local or locoregional recurrence. Re-analyzing the data by replacing ER status with molecular subtype in the ASTRO-CS did not show any significant difference in LC/LRC across the various categories. Her2neu subtype was associated with significantly lower disease-free survival, cause specific survival, and overall survival than the luminal subtypes.

None of the mentioned APBI guidelines predicted local or locoregional recurrence risk in our study population. Additional follow-up will be needed to recommend inclusion of molecular subtype (or at least HER2 receptor status) in the patient selection criteria for APBI.


accelerated partial breast irradiation, breast cancer, multicatheter interstitial brachytherapy

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