Biology of Sport
eISSN: 2083-1862
ISSN: 0860-021X
Biology of Sport
Current Issue Manuscripts accepted About the journal Editorial board Abstracting and indexing Archive Subscription Contact Instructions for authors Journal's Reviewers Special Information
SCImago Journal & Country Rank
vol. 36
Original paper

Sleep deprivation affects post-lunch dip performances, biomarkers of muscle damage and antioxidant status

Mohamed Romdhani, Omar Hammouda, Yassine Chaabouni, Kacem Mahdouani, Tarak Driss, Karim Chamari, Nizar Souissi

Biol Sport. 2019;36(1):55–65
Online publish date: 2018/12/14
View full text
Get citation
JabRef, Mendeley
Papers, Reference Manager, RefWorks, Zotero
To compare the effects of two types of partial sleep deprivation (PSD) at the beginning (PSDBN) and the end (PSDEN) of the night on mood, cognitive performances, biomarkers of muscle damage, haematological status and antioxidant responses before and after repeated-sprint exercise in the post-lunch dip. Fourteen male athletes performed the Running-based Anaerobic Sprint Test following: (i) baseline normal sleep night, (ii) PSDBN, or (iii) PSDEN in a randomized and counter-balanced order. During each condition, participants performed simple and choice reaction time tests, the Profile of Mood States, subjective sleepiness, and the Running-based Anaerobic Sprint Test. Plasma biomarkers of muscle damage, total blood count, and antioxidant activities were measured at rest and after the repeated sprint in the three conditions. PSDEN decreased Pmax (p=0.008; d=1.12), Pmean (p=0.002; d=1.33) and Pmin (p=0.006; d=1.15), whilst PSDBN decreased Pmean (p=0.04; d=0.68) and Pmin (p=0.028; d=0.58), in comparison with baseline. PSDEN exerted stronger effects on Pmax (p=0.013; d=0.74) and Pmean (p=0.048; d=0.54) than PSDBN. Moreover, PSDEN increased subjective sleepiness (p<0.001; d=1.93), while PSDBN impaired choice reaction time (p<0.001, d=1.89). Both PSD types decreased resting glutathione peroxidase (p<0.001; d=5.43, d=3.86), and increased aspartate amino-transferase levels (p<0.001; d=1.36, d=1.37) respectively for PSDEN and PSDBN. PSDEN decreased repeated-sprint performances more than PSDBN in the post-lunch dip. This could be explained by the lowered mood and resting antioxidant status and the increased inflammatory profile after PSDEN. Repeated-sprint exercise resulted in greater inflammation after PSDEN, despite the decreased physical performance. The drop of resting antioxidant defence and haemoglobin concentration after PSDEN could explain the increased sleep drive at the post-lunch dip.

Sleep restriction, Muscle damage, Antioxidant status, Haematology, Repeated-sprint, Mid-afternoon

Knutson KL, Van Cauter E, Spiegel K, Penev P. The metabolic consequences of sleep deprivation. Sleep Med Rev. 2007;11(3):163–78.
Jarraya M, Jarraya S, Chtourou H, Souissi N, Chamari K. The effect of partial sleep deprivation on the reaction time and the attentional capacities of the handball goalkeeper. Biol Rhythm Res. 2013;44(3):503–10.
Mejri MA, Hammouda O, Zouaoui K, Chaouachi A, Chamari K, Rayana MC Ben, Souissi N. Effect of two types of partial sleep deprivation on Taekwondo players’ performance during intermittent exercise. Biol Rhythm Res. 2014;45(1):17–26.
Abedelmalek S, Souissi N, Chtourou H, Denguezli M, Aouichaoui C, Ajina M, Aloui A, Dogui M, Haddouk S, Tabka Z. Effects of partial sleep deprivation on proinflammatory cytokines, growth hormone, and steroid hormone concentrations during repeated brief sprint interval exercise. Chronobiol Int. 2013;30(4):502–9.
Souissi N, Chtourou H, Aloui A, Hammouda O, Dogui M, Chaouachi A, Chamari K. Effects of time-of-day and partial sleep deprivation on short-term maximal performances of judo competitors. J Strength Cond Res. 2013;27(9):2473–80.
Abedelmalek S, Chtourou H, Aloui A, Aouichaoui C, Souissi N, Tabka Z. Effect of time of day and partial sleep deprivation on plasma concentrations of IL-6 during a short-term maximal performance. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2013; 113(1):241–8.
Waterhouse J, Atkinson G, Edwards B, Reilly T. The role of a short post-lunch nap in improving cognitive, motor, and sprint performance in participants with partial sleep deprivation. J Sports Sci. 2007;25(14):1557–66.
Monk TH. The post-lunch dip in performance. Clin Sports Med. 2005; 24(2):15–23.
Mejri MA, Hammouda O, Chaouachi A, Zouaoui K, Ben Rayana MC, Souissi N. Effects of two types of partial sleep deprivation on hematological responses during intermittent exercise: A pilot study. Sci Sports. 2014;29(5):266–74.
Mejri MA, Hammouda O, Yousfi N, Zouaoui K, Ben Rayana MC, Chaouachi A, Driss T, Souissi N. One night of partial sleep deprivation affects biomarkers of cardiac damage, but not cardiovascular and lipid profiles, in young athletes. Biol Rhythm Res. 2015;46(5):715–24
Skein M, Duffield R, Edge J, Short MJ, Mündel T. Intermittent-sprint performance and muscle glycogen after 30 h of sleep deprivation. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2011;43(7):1301–11.
Rae DE, Chin T, Dikgomo K, Hill L, McKune AJ, Kohn TA, Roden LC. One night of partial sleep deprivation impairs recovery from a single exercise training session. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2017;117(4):699–712.
Franchini E, Del Vecchio FB, Matsushigue KA, Artioli GG. Physiological Profiles of Elite Judo Athletes. Sport Med. 2011 Feb; 41(2):147–66.
Chtourou H, Hammouda O, Aloui A, Souissi N. Effect of time-of-day on muscle fatigue: a review. J Nov Physiother. 2013;03(160):2.
Hammouda O, Chtourou H, Chahed H, Ferchichi S, Kallel C, Miled A, Chamari K, Souissi N. Diurnal variations of plasma homocysteine, total antioxidant status, and biological markers of muscle injury during repeated sprint: effect on performance and muscle fatigue--a pilot study. Chronobiol Int. 2011;28(10):958–67.
Horne JA, Ostberg O. A self-assessment questionnaire to determine morningness-eveningness in human circadian rhythms. Int J Chronobiol. 1976 Jan;4(2):97–110.
Buysse DJ, Reynolds CF, Monk TH, Berman SR, Kupfer DJ. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index: a new instrument for psychiatric practice and research. Psychiatry Res. 1989 May; 28(2):193–213.
McNair DM. Manual profile of mood state. Educ Ind Test Serv. 1971;
Johns MW. A new method for measuring daytime sleepiness: the Epworth sleepiness scale. Sleep. 1991;14(6):540–5.
Hooper and Mackinnon. Monitoring overtraining in athletes. Sport Med. 1995;20(231):7.
Draper PN, Whyte G. Anaerobic performance testing. Peak Perform. 1997;96:3–5.
Zagatto AM, Beck WR, Gobatto CA. Validity of the Running Anaerobic Sprint Test for Assessing Anaerobic Power and Predicting Short-Distance Performances. J Strength Cond Res. 2009 Sep;23(6):1820–7.
Foster C. Monitoring training in athletes with reference to overtraining syndrome. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1998 Jul;30(7):1164–8.
Haddad M, Chaouachi A, Castagnac C, Hue O, Wong DP, Tabben M, Behm D., Chamari K. Validity and psychometric evaluation of the French version of RPE scale in young fit males. Sci Sports. 2013;28(2):29–35.
Cohen J. A power primer. Psychol Bull. 1992;112(1):155–9.
Batterham AM, Hopkins WG. Making Meaningful Inferences about Magnitudes. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2006;1(1):50–7.
Wehrens SMT, Hampton SM, Kerkhofs M, Skene DJ. Mood, Alertness, and Performance in Response to Sleep Deprivation and Recovery Sleep in Experienced Shiftworkers Versus Non-Shiftworkers. Chronobiol Int. 2012;29(5):537–48.
Eckel RH, Depner CM, Perreault L, Markwald RR, Smith MR, McHill AW, Higgins J, Melanson EL, Wright KP. Morning Circadian Misalignment during Short Sleep Duration Impacts Insulin Sensitivity. Current Biology. 2015; 25(22), 3004-3010.
O’Neill J, Reddy A. Circadian clocks in human red blood cells. Nature. 2011; 469(7331):498–503.
Boudjeltia KZ, Faraut B, Stenuit P, Esposito MJ, Dyzma M, Brohée D, Ducobu J, Vanhaeverbeek M, Kerkhofs M. Sleep restriction increases white blood cells, mainly neutrophil count, in young healthy men: a pilot study. Vasc Health Risk Manag. 2008; 4(6):1467–70.
Skein M, Duffield R, Minett GM, Snape A, Murphy A. The Effect of Overnight Sleep Deprivation After Competitive Rugby League Matches on Postmatch Physiological and Perceptual Recovery. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2013;8(5):556–64.
Schwarz P, Graham W, Li F, Locke M, Peever J. Sleep deprivation impairs functional muscle recovery following injury. Sleep Med. 2013;14:e262.
Alzoubi KH, Khabour OF, Salah HA, Rashid BEA. The Combined Effect of Sleep Deprivation and Western Diet on Spatial Learning and Memory: Role of BDNF and Oxidative Stress. J Mol Neurosci. 2012;50(1):124–33.
Savic-Radojevic A, Antic IB, Coric V, Bjekic-Macut J, Radic T, Zarkovic M, Djukic T, Pljesa-Ercegovac M, Panidis D, Katsikis I, Simic T, Macut D. Effect of hyperglycemia and hyperinsulinemia on glutathione peroxidase activity in non-obese women with polycystic ovary syndrome. Hormones. 2015;14(1):101–8.
Ikeda M, Ikeda-sagara M, Okada T. Brain oxidation is an initial process in sleep induction. Neuroscience. 2005; 130(4):1029–40.
Borbely AA. Two Process Model of Sleep Regulation. Hum Neurobiol. 1982; 195–204.
Irwin MR, Olmstead R, Carroll JE. Sleep disturbance, sleep duration, and inflammation: A systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort studies and experimental sleep deprivation. Biol Psychiatry. 2016;80(1):40–52.
Cai ZJ. A new function of rapid eye movement sleep: Improvement of muscular efficiency. Physiol Behav. 2015;144:110–5.
Hardeland R, Coto-Montes A, Poeggeler B. Circadian Rhythms, Oxidative Stress, and Antioxidative Defense Mechanisms. Chronobiol Int. 2009;20(6):921–62.
Quick links
© 2019 Termedia Sp. z o.o. All rights reserved.
Developed by Bentus.
PayU - płatności internetowe