Biology of Sport
eISSN: 2083-1862
ISSN: 0860-021X
Biology of Sport
Current Issue Manuscripts accepted About the journal Editorial board Abstracting and indexing Archive Ethical standards and procedures Contact Instructions for authors Journal's Reviewers Special Information
SCImago Journal & Country Rank


2/2022
vol. 39
 
Share:
Share:
more
 
 
abstract:
Original paper

Speed and power-related gene polymorphisms associated with playing position in elite soccer players

Miroslav Petr
1
,
Dan Thiel
1
,
Kvapilová Kateřina
2, 3
,
Petr Brož
2, 4
,
Tomáš Malý
1
,
František Zahálka
1
,
Pavlína Vostatková
1
,
Michal Wilk
5
,
Jakub Chycki
5
,
Petr Stastny
1

1.
Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Charles University, Czech republic
2.
Institute of Applied Biotechnologies, Prague, Czech Republic
3.
Faculty of Science Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic
4.
Second Faculty of Medicine Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic
5.
Institute of Sport Sciences, The Jerzy Kukuczka Academy of Physical Education in Katowice, Katowice, Poland
Biol Sport. 2022;39(2):355–366.
Online publish date: 2021/04/21
View full text
Get citation
ENW
EndNote
BIB
JabRef, Mendeley
RIS
Papers, Reference Manager, RefWorks, Zotero
AMA
APA
Chicago
Harvard
MLA
Vancouver
 
Heritability studies on sport-related traits accepted that endurance, speed, power, and strength abilities include an active genetic predisposition to elite soccer participation. This study evaluates the influence of selected genetic variants on performance in speed, power, and strength laboratory tests on a group of elite soccer players, including their playing position. A ninety-nine male elite soccer players were compared to controls (n = 107) and tested for quadriceps and hamstrings isokinetic strength at speed 60°/s, 180°/s, and 300°/s, jump performance, and genotypes of ACTN3 (R577X, rs1815739), ACE (I/D, rs1799752), NOS3 (Glu298Asp, rs1799983), AMPD1 (34C/T, rs17602729), UCP2 (Ala55Val, rs660339), BDKRB2 (+9/-9, rs5810761) and IL1RN (VNTR 86-bp). The ACTN3 XX homozygotes in defenders had lower quadriceps and hamstring isokinetic strength in all tested speeds than ACTN3 RX and RR genotypes (p < 0.05). The ACTN3 RR homozygotes in defenders had higher quadriceps strength in all tested velocities than the RX heterozygotes (p < 0.05). We also found other associations between playing-position in soccer and increased strength of lower limbs for AMPD1 CC and NOS3 Glu/Glu genotypes, and IL1RN*2 allele carriers. Total genetic score regression explained 26% of the variance in jump performance and isokinetic strength. The ACTN3 R allele, NOS3 Glu/Glu genotypes, and IL1RN*2 allele pre-disposed the attackers and defenders playing position in elite soccer, where those positions have higher strength and power measures than midfielders. Midfielders have lower strength and power conditions than other playing positions without relation to strength and power genes.
keywords:

Football, Isokinetic, Jump, Muscle strength, Sport genomic, Performance

 
Quick links
© 2022 Termedia Sp. z o.o. All rights reserved.
Developed by Bentus.