eISSN: 1897-4317
ISSN: 1895-5770
Gastroenterology Review/Przegląd Gastroenterologiczny
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SCImago Journal & Country Rank
2/2019
vol. 14
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Spontaneous splenic rupture related to anticoagulant and antiaggregant treatment

Ebubekir Gündeş
,
Ulaş Aday
,
Hüseyin Çiyiltepe
,
Durmuş Ali Çetin
,
Emre Bozdağ
,
Aziz Serkan Senger
,
Orhan Uzun
,
Selçuk Gülmez
,
Kamuran Cumhur Değer
,
Mustafa Duman

Gastroenterology Rev 2019; 14 (2): 152–156
Online publish date: 2019/07/05
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Introduction
Trauma is the most frequent cause of splenic rupture. In contrast to traumatic rupture of the spleen, spontaneous splenic rupture (SSR) is a rare and life-threatening condition.

Aim
To present the cases of patients with SSR, who had no history of trauma, and who had been receiving anticoagulant and/or antiaggregant treatment while hospitalised for cardiac reasons.

Material and methods
The cases of 6 patients with SSR at Gastroenterological Surgery Department, Kartal Koşuyolu High Speciality and Training Hospital were retrospectively evaluated. The clinicodemographic factors and the diagnostic and therapeutic methods utilised for these patients with SSR while hospitalised were investigated as well.

Results
Five (83.3%) of the patients were male and 1 (16.6%) was female. The median age of the patients was 71 (61–73) years. Three of the patients had only been receiving antiaggregant treatment, while 2 had only been receiving anticoagulant treatment; only 1 patient had been receiving both anticoagulant and antiaggregant treatments. The decrease in haematocrit (HCT) levels ascertained on the day of SSR diagnosis and the HCT levels ascertained on the day of hospitalisation were statistically significant. All the patients received a blood transfusion. While 5 (83.33%) of the 6 patients had splenectomy, 1 (16.66%) patient received conservative treatment. Mortality was seen in 4 (66.6%) patients.

Conclusions
Spontaneous splenic rupture is a condition that should be taken into consideration in the differential diagnosis of patients hospitalised for cardiac reasons, who are receiving anticoagulant and/or antiaggregant treatment in cases of newly developed abdominal pain and low HCT levels.

keywords:

spontaneous splenic rupture, anticoagulant treatment

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