en POLSKI
eISSN: 2083-8441
ISSN: 2081-237X
Pediatric Endocrinology Diabetes and Metabolism
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SCImago Journal & Country Rank
 
2/2022
vol. 28
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Statin therapy and lipids-lowering supplements – safe and effective treatment of lipids disturbances in children

Małgorzata Grabarczyk
1
,
Kinga Pomianowska
1
,
Tymoteusz Zaręba-Głód
1
,
Agnieszka Zachurzok
2
,
Ewa Małecka-Tendera
3
,
Paweł Matusik
4

1.
Medical Student Scientific Society, Department of Pediatrics and Pediatric Endocrinology, Faculty of Medical Sciences in Katowice, Medical University of Silesia, Poland
2.
Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medical Sciences in Zabrze, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, Poland
3.
Department of Pediatrics and Pediatric Endocrinology, Faculty of Medical Sciences in Katowice, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland
4.
Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric Obesity and Metabolic Bone Diseases, Chair of Pediatrics and Pediatric Endocrinology, Faculty of Medical Sciences in Katowice, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland
Pediatr Endocrinol Diabetes Metab 2022; 28 (2): 108–113
Online publish date: 2022/05/12
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Introduction
There is a significant correlation between elevated LDL cholesterol (LDL-C) levels sustained from childhood and future vascular disease. The study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of the therapy chosen for children with lipid disorders.

Material and methods
The study group consisted of 37 children with increased LDL-C (13 boys) aged 8.99 ±4.03 years. After 6 months of behavioral treatment, study group was divided into G1 (n = 24) which continued non-pharmacological treatment supported by dietary supplements and G2 (n = 13) in which statin (5–10 mg/day) was added to non-pharmacological treatment. Analysis included: BMI Z-score, total cholesterol (TCh), LDL-C, HDL cholesterol (HDL-C) and triglycerides (TG) measured at several time points.

Results
The concentrations of TCh and LDL-C before treatment were significantly higher in G2 than in G1 (p < 0.001). Due to the treatment, these differences were no longer noticeable at the last visit. In G1 and G2 concentrations of TCh and LDL-C were reduced significantly, greater reduction after the treatment in TCh and LDL-C was observed in G2 than in G1. Moreover, in G1 we noticed reduction of TG after treatment (p < 0.05). The BMI Z-score did not change significantly through the treatment in both groups. G1 also showed a significant negative correlation between BMI Z-score and HDL-C before and after treatment (r = –0.57, p = 0.009; r = –0.52, p = 0.02). Same relationship was noticed also in G2 after treatment (r = 0.67, p = 0.05).

Conclusions
In children with dyslipidemia, regardless of its background, statin therapy is the most effective in lowering LDL-C. However, therapy with lipids-lowering supplements seems to be safe and effective.

keywords:

children, dyslipidemia, hypercholesterolemia, statins


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