eISSN: 2081-2841
ISSN: 1689-832X
Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
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5/2018
vol. 10
 
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abstract:
Original paper

The analysis of the long-term outcomes in elderly women treated for locally advanced cervical cancer

Krzysztof Koper, Konrad Dziobek, Roman Makarewicz, Joanna Terlikiewicz, Magdalena Dutsch-Wicherek

J Contemp Brachytherapy 2018; 10, 5: 411–417
Online publish date: 2018/10/31
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Purpose
Locally advanced cervical cancer (LACC) should be treated with a combination of external irradiation and brachytherapy with concurrent chemotherapy. However, as cervical carcinoma cells can disperse by way of the lymphatic system to either pelvic or para-aortic nodes, planning the extent of radiation requires precise information about the spread of the disease to the lymph nodes, especially to the para-aortic area.

Material and methods
All of the 75 women included in our study underwent chemoradiotherapy, which started with brachytherapy. Out of them, 54 have undergone radical hysterectomy with lymphadenectomy followed by chemoradiation. We have retrospectively analyzed the 5-year overall survival (OS) rates relative to the lymph node involvement, the type of lymphadenectomy performed (pelvic, para-aortic, or both), the size of the tumor (> or < 4 cm), the histological type, grading, and the age of patients.

Results
We observed significant differences in the OS rates relative to the age of the patients with LACC. We noted significant differences in the OS rates related to para-aortic lymphadenectomy and presence of lymph node metastases.

Conclusions
Para-aortic lymphadenectomy seems to have a positive influence on long-term outcomes in the LACC patients, and elderly patients may benefit more from applied therapy.

keywords:

brachytherapy, chemoradiotherapy, locally advanced cervical cancer, lymphadenectomy

 
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