eISSN: 1644-4124
ISSN: 1426-3912
Central European Journal of Immunology
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vol. 44
Experimental immunology

The associations between interleukin 10 polymorphisms and susceptibility to autoimmune uveitis – a meta-analysis

Jae Hyun Jung
Gwan Gyu Song
Jae-Hoon Kim
Sung Jae Choi

(Centr Eur J Immunol 2019; 44 (3): 246-252)
Online publish date: 2019/09/30
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Autoimmune uveitis is an ocular inflammatory disease that is associated with genetic factors. Interleukin 10 (IL-10) is an immune-regulatory cytokine of autoimmune diseases. IL-10 is considered a candidate gene for uveitis. We evaluate the association of IL-10 with susceptibility to autoimmune uveitis. The results from seven studies were pooled in the meta-analysis, covering a total of 2893 cases of uveitis and 4873 controls. Published literature from MEDLINE and Embase was retrieved. Meta-analyses were conducted on the associations between autoimmune uveitis and the -1082 A/G and -819 C/T polymorphisms of the IL-10 gene. The meta-analysis revealed no association between uveitis and the IL-10 -1082 A allele (OR = 0.91, 95% CI = 0.64-1.30, p = 0.62). The recessive, dominant, and homozygous models of the IL-10 -1082 A/G allele also suggested no association between autoimmune uveitis and each genotype. The meta-analysis revealed significant association between uveitis and the -892 C allele (OR = 0.81, 95% CI = 0.67-0.98, p = 0.03). In addition, significant association was found in homozygous models (OR = 0.58, 95% CI = 0.36-0.92, p = 0.02). However, the dominant and recessive models of the IL-10 -819 C/T polymorphisms showed no association between uveitis and each genotype. This meta-analysis showed that the -1082 A/G polymorphisms of IL-10 were not associated with autoimmune uveitis, but the -819 C/T polymorphisms were significantly associated with uveitis.

polymorphism, meta-analysis, interleukin-10, autoimmune uveitis

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