Biology of Sport
eISSN: 2083-1862
ISSN: 0860-021X
Biology of Sport
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1/2023
vol. 40
 
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abstract:
Original paper

The effect of combining HIIT and dry-land training on strength, technique, and 100-m butterfly swimming performance in age-group swimmers: a randomized controlled trial

Sofiene Amara
1, 2
,
Raouf Hammami
1, 3
,
Rodrigo Zacca
4, 5
,
Jorge Mota
4, 5
,
Yassine Negra
1, 2
,
Sabri Gaied Chortane
1, 6

1.
Higher Institute of Sport and Physical Education of Ksar-Said, University of La Manouba, Tunis, Tunisia
2.
Research Unit (UR17JS01) Sports Performance, Health & Society, Higher Institute of Sport and Physical Education of Ksar Saîd, Universite de la Manouba, Tunis 2010, Tunisia
3.
Research Laboratory: “Education, Motor Skills, Sports and Health” (LR19JS01), Higher Institute of Sport and Physical Education of Sfax, University of Sfax, Sfax 3029, Tunisia
4.
Research Center in Physical Activity, Health and Leisure (CIAFEL), Faculty of Sports, University of Porto (FADEUP), Porto 4200-450, Portugal
5.
Laboratory for Integrative and Translational Research in Population Health (ITR), Porto 4050-600, Portugal
6.
Laboratory of Cardio-Circulatory, Respiratory, Metabolic and Hormonal Adaptations to Muscular Exercise, Faculty of Medicine Ibn El Jazzar, Sousse 4002, Tunisia
Biol Sport. 2023;40(1):85–92.
Online publish date: 2022/01/03
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Combined interventions of pool-based and dry-land workouts are a common practice in swimming training. However, the effects on strength, technique and swimming performance are still not clear. Through a randomized controlled trial study, we investigated the effect of combining high intensity interval training (HIIT) and maximum strength training (MST) on strength, technique and 100-m butterfly swimming performance. Competitive age-group swimmers (N = 22, males) were randomly divided into two groups. The experimental group (EG: 14.1 ± 0.3 years old) performed 8 weeks of combined short-moderate HIIT and MST. The control group (CG: 14.5 ± 0.3 years old) subjects performed their usual training. Muscular strength, technique and swimming performance were evaluated before and after 8 weeks. Substantial improvements were observed in maximum muscle strength (mean diff: 22–28%; p  <  0.001; d =  3.25–3.61), technique (p  <  0.05; d = 0.98–1.96) and 100-m butterfly swimming performance (3.5%; p = 0.001; d = 1.81) when combining HIIT and MST during 8 weeks. Combining short-moderate HIIT and MST during 8 weeks can enhance maximum muscular strength, technique, and 100-m butterfly swimming performance. Coaches should adjust training programmes accordingly since it could yield important differences in swimming performance during competitions.
keywords:

Exercise, Aquatic locomotion, Training and testing, Combined training, High intensity interval training

 
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