Biology of Sport
eISSN: 2083-1862
ISSN: 0860-021X
Biology of Sport
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1/2020
vol. 37
 
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abstract:
Original paper

The effects of resistance training experience on movement characteristics in the bench press exercise

Adam Maszczyk
1
,
Michał Wilk
1
,
Michał Krzysztofik
1
,
Mariola Gepfert
1
,
Adam Zając
1
,
Miroslav Petr
2
,
Petr Stastny
2

1.
Institute of Sport Sciences, The Jerzy Kukuczka Academy of Physical Education in Katowice, Poland
2.
Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Czech Republic
Biol Sport. 2020;37(1):79–83.
Online publish date: 2020/02/07
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The main aim of this study was to determine whether the level of experience in strength training has a significant effect on differences in the value of exercise volume determined on time under tension (TUT) and number of repetition (REP) for a specific movement tempo. The study examined 68 men divided into groups of beginners and advanced strength trained athletes. The participants performed 5 sets of bench press (BP) at 70% 1RM using either a REG, MED or SLOW metronome guided cadence. Each set was performed to failure and with 3 min of rest between sets. Significant differences in TUT were found between the groups of beginners and advanced athletes for the slow (SLO) 6/0/4/0 tempo in set 1 (p = 0.01) and set 2 (p = 0.04), and for the regular (REG) 2/0/2/0 tempo in set 5 (p = 0.01). Significant differences were documented for total TUT between the beginners and advanced athletes for the SLO 6/0/4/0 tempo (p = 0.04). The results of ANOVA revealed significant differences in the number of repetitions between groups for the SLO 6/0/4/0 tempo in set 4 (p = 0.04) and set 5 (p = 0.04), and for the REG 2/0/2/0 tempo in set 5 (p = 0.01). The main finding of this study is that strength training experience has a significant effect on training volume, both in terms of TUT and REP at a specific constant movement tempo. Significant differences do not occur for each value of the tempo used.
keywords:

Resistance training, Tempo, Bench press

 
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