eISSN: 1897-4295
ISSN: 1734-9338
Advances in Interventional Cardiology/Postępy w Kardiologii Interwencyjnej
Current issue Archive Manuscripts accepted About the journal Editorial board Abstracting and indexing Subscription Contact Instructions for authors
SCImago Journal & Country Rank
2/2021
vol. 17
 
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abstract:
Original paper

The influence of acute coronary syndrome on the levels of clopidogrel active metabolite and platelet inhibition in patients with and without CYP2C19 and ABCB1 gene polymorphisms

Tomasz Wójcik
1
,
Bożena Karolko
1
,
Jerzy Wiśniewski
2
,
Andrzej Mysiak
1
,
Krzysztof  Ściborski
1
,
Grzegorz Onisk
1
,
Arleta Lebioda
3
,
Anna Jonkisz
3
,
Marcin Protasiewicz
1

1.
Department and Clinic of Cardiology, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, Poland
2.
Department of Biochemistry, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, Poland
3.
Department of Molecular Techniques, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, Poland
Adv Interv Cardiol 2021; 17, 2 (64): 179–186
Online publish date: 2021/07/09
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Introduction
Although ticagrelor and prasugrel remain the standard antiplatelet treatments in acute coronary syndrome (ACS), numerous patients still present with indications for clopidogrel use.

Aim
We aimed to assess the levels of clopidogrel active metabolite and to evaluate the effect of the drug on platelet inhibition in patients with ACS as compared with those with stable coronary disease. Patients were assessed for the presence of the most common genetic polymorphisms that reduce the absorption (ABCB1) and activation (CYP2C19*2 and CYP2C19*3) of clopidogrel to exclude the effect of genetic variability on drug concentrations and activity.

Material and methods
This single-center, open-label, prospective study included 199 patients hospitalized due to ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) or non-STEMI (NSTEMI) in Killip class I–III, who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention. The control group included 22 patients with stable coronary artery disease.

Results
The mean (SD) levels of active clopidogrel were 17.1 (12.3) ng/ml in controls and 16.4 (12.0) ng/ml in the whole study group (p < 0.68). No differences were noted in clopidogrel levels between patients with STEMI and NSTEMI (mean (SD), 17.6 (2.3) ng/ml and 15.1 (11.5) ng/ml; p < 0.45) or between STEMI and NSTEMI groups and controls (p < 0.38 and p < 0.61, respectively). No effect of ABCB1 or CYP2C19 polymorphism was observed in the study subgroups.

Conclusions
We concluded that ACS does not affect the levels of clopidogrel active metabolite or platelet inhibition in patients in Killip class I-III with or without CYP2C19 or ABCB1 gene polymorphisms.

keywords:

active clopidogrel metabolite, acute coronary syndrome, ABCB1, CYP2C19

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