eISSN: 2084-9850
ISSN: 1897-3116
Pielęgniarstwo Chirurgiczne i Angiologiczne/Surgical and Vascular Nursing
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1/2021
vol. 15
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Assessment of the knowledge of patients with cholecystolithiasis in the terms of perioperative management

Violetta Cebulska
1
,
Violetta Koźlak
1
,
Marta Kaźmierska
2

1.
Wydział Nauk o Zdrowiu, Akademia Kaliska im. Prezydenta Stanisława Wojciechowskiego
2.
Oddział Chirurgiczny, Samodzielny Publiczny Zespół Opieki Zdrowotnej w Kościanie
Pielęgniarstwo Chirurgiczne i Angiologiczne 2021; 1: 31-38
Online publish date: 2021/05/13
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Introduction
Cholelithiasis is one of the most common gastrointestinal diseases treated surgically. The essence of the disease is the formation of deposits and accumulation in the gallbladder, and rarely originally in the bile ducts. The basic method of treatment of diagnosed symptomatic cholecystolithiasis is the surgical removal of the gallbladder, most often by keyhole surgery. Tremendous progress in the implementation of modern operating techniques and procedures determines the need for the development of comprehensive and high-quality nursing care. The aim of the study was to assess the level of knowledge of patients with cholecystolithiasis in perioperative management.

Material and methods
The study was conducted among 100 patients who underwent cholecystectomy. A self-prepared questionnaire was used. For statistical analysis: Mann-Whitney U test, Kruskal-Wallis test, and Spearman Rank Correlation Coefficient test were used.

Results
The assessment of the level of knowledge of the examined group in terms of knowledge of the principles of perioperative procedures revealed that 36% of people represented good knowledge, 33% had sufficient knowledge, 16% had very good knowledge, and 15% represented insufficient knowledge.

Conclusions
Most patients assessed their knowledge of perioperative management as sufficient. The general level of knowledge of perioperative procedures was above average. Village residents and inactive people had significantly less knowledge than the surveyed working patients and those living in the city. Patients with higher education had much more knowledge than people with secondary education. Recognition of educational needs in the perioperative period determines proper preparation for self-care.

keywords:

education, cholecystectomy, perioperative management

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