eISSN: 1897-4317
ISSN: 1895-5770
Gastroenterology Review/Przegląd Gastroenterologiczny
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vol. 19
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Artykuł przeglądowy

Biological rhythms of the gut and microbiota

Albert Chodowiec
Mirosław Tarasewicz
Anna Łokić
Marcin Kazberuk
Anatol Panasiuk
1, 2

  1. Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Internal Diseases with the Center of Diagnostics and Endoscopic Treatment, Provincial Welded Hospital, Bialystok, Poland
  2. Departament of Clinical Medicine, Medical University of Bialystok, Bialystok, Poland
Gastroenterology Rev 2024; 19 (1): 18–22
Data publikacji online: 2024/01/18
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Numerous physiological processes occurring in the digestive system are subject to circadian rhythms, which are regulated by the endogenous biological clock. The motor activity of the small intestine, large intestine, and rectum operates in a 24-hour system, with significant differences between day and night periods. It is primarily correlated with the time of meals, hormone secretion rhythms, and other activities undertaken by the organism. In recent years, numerous scientific reports have emerged about the fundamental role of circadian rhythms in the proper functioning of the gut microbiota. In addition, the microbiota and its metabolites also influence the host’s daily cycles, which affects the overall state of their organism. The aim of this review is to outline the mechanisms of action and interactions between biological rhythms, gut motility, and the functioning of the gut microbiota.
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