eISSN: 1644-4124
ISSN: 1426-3912
Central European Journal of Immunology
Current issue Archive Manuscripts accepted About the journal Editorial board Abstracting and indexing Subscription Contact Instructions for authors Ethical standards and procedures
SCImago Journal & Country Rank
2/2021
vol. 46
 
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abstract:
Experimental immunology

Conceptualization and validation of an innovative direct immunofluorescence technique utilizing fluorescein conjugate against IgG + IgG4 for routinely diagnosing autoimmune bullous dermatoses

Magdalena Danuta Jałowska
1
,
Justyna Gornowicz-Porowska
1, 2
,
Agnieszka Seraszek-Jaros
3
,
Monika Bowszyc-Dmochowska
4
,
Elżbieta Kaczmarek
3
,
Marian Dmochowski
1

1.
Autoimmune Blistering Dermatoses Section, Department of Dermatology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland
2.
Department and Division of Practical Cosmetology and Skin Diseases Prophylaxis, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland
3.
Department of Bioinformatics and Computational Biology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland
4.
Cutaneous Histopathology and Immunopathology Section, Department of Dermatology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland
Cent Eur J Immunol 2021; 46 (2): 183-190
Online publish date: 2021/06/15
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Introduction
Autoimmune bullous diseases (ABDs) are potentially life-threatening mucocutaneous illnesses that require diagnosis with direct immunofluorescence (DIF). In this study we compared the diagnostic accuracy of traditional DIF (DIFt; separate immunoglobulin (Ig) G, IgG1, IgG4, IgA, IgM and C3 deposits detection) and modified DIF (DIFm; simultaneous IgG + IgG4 deposits detection instead of separate IgG and IgG4 deposits detection) in routine diagnostics of ABDs.

Material and methods
Eighteen patients with ABDs (7 with pemphigus dermatoses and 11 with subepithelial ABDs) were evaluated with DIFt and DIFm.

Results
The agreement of detectability of IgG immunoreactants was obtained in 16 ABD cases (88.89%), as positive results in both DIFt and DIFm were obtained in 13 cases and negative results in both DIFt and DIFm were obtained in 3 cases. One ABD case (Brunsting-Perry pemphigoid) (5.56%) was negative in DIFm with a positive DIFt result (IgG1 deposits). One ABD case (bullous pemphigoid) (5.56%) had only C3 deposits in DIFt with a positive DIFm reading (IgG + IgG4 deposits). A statistically significant relationship (p = 0.0186) between DIFm and DIFt results was revealed using Fisher’s exact test.

Conclusions
Both DIFt and DIFm are useful methods to detect deposition of IgG immunoreactants, but it seems that the innovative DIFm method slightly increases the detectability of IgG/IgG4 immunoreactants in relation to DIFt. The introduction of DIFm into routine laboratory diagnostics of ABDs seems to be justified, as it enables the abandonment of separate FITC conjugates for IgG and IgG4, which is important for cost-effectiveness.

keywords:

diagnosis, direct immunofluorescence, autoimmune bullous dermatosis

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