eISSN: 2081-2841
ISSN: 1689-832X
Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
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vol. 14
Original paper

Dual-source strength seed loading for eye plaque brachytherapy using eye physics eye plaques: A feasibility study

Sheridan G. Meltsner
David G. Kirsch
Miguel A. Materin
Yongbok Kim
Yang Sheng
Oana Craciunescu

  1. Department of Radiation Oncology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, USA, 2Departments of Ophthalmology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, USA
J Contemp Brachytherapy 2022; 14, 6: 590–600
Online publish date: 2022/12/30
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This study quantifies the dosimetric impact of incorporating two iodine-125 (125I) seed source strengths in Eye Physics eye plaques for treatment of uveal melanoma.

Material and methods
Plaque Simulator was used to retrospectively plan 15 clinical cases of three types: (1) Shallow tumors (< 5.5 mm) with large base dimensions (range, 16-19 mm); (2) Tumors near the optic nerve planned with notched plaques; and (3) Very shallow (< 3.0 mm) tumors with moderate base dimensions (range, 13.5-15.5 mm) planned with larger plaques than requested by the ocular oncologist. Circular plaques were planned with outer ring sources twice the source strength of inner sources, and notched plaques with the six seeds closest to the notch at twice the source strength.

In cases of type (1), the dual-source strength plan decreased prescription depth, and doses to critical structures were lower: inner sclera –25% ±2%, optic disc –7% ±3%, and fovea –6% ±3%. In four out of five cases of type (2), the dual-source strength plan decreased prescription depth, and dose to inner sclera was lower (–22% ±5%), while dose to optic disc (17% ±7%) and fovea (20% ±12%) increased. In cases of type (3), a smaller dual-source strength plaque was used, and scleral dose was lower (–45% ±3%), whereas dose to optic disc (1% ±14%) and fovea (5% ±5%) increased.

Dual-source strength loading as described in this study can be used to cover tumor margins and decrease dose to sclera, and therefore the adjacent retina, but can either decrease or increase radiation dose to optic disc and fovea depending on location and size of the tumor. This technique may allow the use of a smaller plaque, if requested by the ocular oncologist. Clinical determination to use this technique should be performed on an individual basis, and additional QA steps are required. Integrating the use of volumetric imaging may be warranted.


uveal melanoma, plaque brachytherapy, eye plaque treatment planning, Eye Physics eye plaques, Plaque Simulator treatment planning system

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