eISSN: 1509-572x
ISSN: 1641-4640
Folia Neuropathologica
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4/2022
vol. 60
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Effectiveness of alteplase intravenous thrombolysis combined with butylphthalide in patients with acute severe cerebral infarction

Zhengqian Wang
1
,
Junshuang Che
2

1.
Department of Critical Care Medicine, Rongcheng People’s Hospital, Rongcheng, Shandong, China
2.
Department of MedicalInsurance, Weihai Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Weihai, Shandong, China
Folia Neuropathol 2022; 60 (4): 421-426
Online publish date: 2022/12/30
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Introduction
The aim of the study was to investigate the effectiveness of alteplase intravenous thrombolysis combined with butylphthalide in patients with severe cerebral infarction.

Material and methods
From February 2018 to March 2019, 100 patients with severe cerebral infarction in Rongcheng People’s Hospital were recruited and randomly divided into two groups, i.e., alteplase intravenous thrombolysis treatment group and alteplase intravenous thrombolysis combined with butylphthalide treatment group. The efficacy of treatment methods was compared between the two groups by analyzing National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) scores of patients on the first, seventh, and fourteenth days after treatment. Quality of life of patients was evaluated using Barthel scale before and after treatment, and also, the incidence of adverse reactions was compared between the two groups.

Results
The therapeutic effect and quality of life in the alteplase intravenous thrombolysis combined with the butylphthalide group were better compared with patients in the alteplase intravenous thrombolysis group. The total effective rate of the alteplase intravenous thrombosis group was 80%, and that of the alteplase intravenous thrombosis combined with butylphthalide group was 100%; the latter treatment was more effective (p < 0.05). NIHSS scores of the patients at 1, 7, and 14 days after treatment were better in the former group than in the latter (p < 0.05). Moreover, the probability of adverse reactions in the alteplase intravenous thrombosis group was 6%, and the probability of adverse reactions in the alteplase intravenous thrombosis combined with butylphthalide group was 4%. The incidence of adverse reactions in the former group was similar to that in the latter (p > 0.05). In other words, the combination of drugs did not increase the incidence of adverse reactions.

Conclusions
Alteplase intravenous thrombolysis combined with butylphthalide in the treatment of severe cerebral infarction is safe, and may significantly improve patient’s neurological function and quality of life without adverse reactions.

keywords:

severe cerebral infarction, alteplase, intravenous thrombolysis, butylphthalide, therapeutic effect

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