eISSN: 1897-4317
ISSN: 1895-5770
Gastroenterology Review/Przegląd Gastroenterologiczny
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Artykuł oryginalny

Functional gastrointestinal disorders in Jordanian infants: a pilot study

Yazan O. Al Zu'bi
Eyad Altamimi
Ahmed H. Al Sharie
Dawood Yusef
Wasim Khasawneh

  1. Faculty of Medicine, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan
  2. Pediatric Department, Faculty of Medicine, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan
Gastroenterology Rev 2024; 19 (1): 67–73
Data publikacji online: 2023/02/03
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Functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) encompass a wide spectrum of disorders that may be diagnosed using the Rome criteria.

To identify the prevalence and risk factors for the development of FGIDs in Jordanian infants.

Material and methods
We conducted a cross-sectional study to investigate the prevalence of FGIDs among infants and characterise any possible risk factors. Between 1 January 2020, and 30 December 2020, patients who presented to the paediatric follow-up clinic at King Abdullah University Hospital were recruited. Parents were interviewed and asked to complete an Arabic version of the Rome IV diagnostic questionnaire for pediatric gastrointestinal disorders for neonates and toddlers. Data regarding the parents’ gastrointestinal symptoms and children’s medical history were collected. Children’s electronic medical files were also reviewed.

The study included 127 children, 78 (61%) were males. The median age was 40 days. According to the Rome IV criteria Eighty-two (64%) of the infants fit the diagnosis for at least one disorder The most prevalent disorder was functional constipation (n = 78, 95%) followed by infant dyschezia (n = 11, 13%). Compared to infants who did not meet the diagnostic criteria, herb intake and circumcision rates were significantly higher among those who did. Univariate analyses revealed that infants with FGIDs were more likely to ingest herbs.

FGIDs were common among young infants. Functional constipation was the most commonly diagnosed FGID. infants with with FGIDs were more likely to intake herbs to ease the symtpoms.

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