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Gastroenterology Review/Przegląd Gastroenterologiczny
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Is narrow-band imaging a useful tool in screening colonoscopy performed by an experienced endoscopist? A prospective randomised study on 533 patients

Marcin Romańczyk, Tomasz Romańczyk, Hubert Bołdys, Mateusz Koziej, Krzysztof Jarus

Data publikacji online: 2018/09/17
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The detection of adenomas is the basic goal for colorectal cancer screening programs; therefore, every possibility to improve the adenoma detection rate is valuable.

To answer the question of whether narrow-band imaging (NBI) can enhance detection quality in screening for colonoscopy.

Material and Methods
A group of 533 patients (202 men: 331 women; average age: 56.1 years) included in a colorectal cancer screening program were randomised into two groups (NBI n = 266 and white light (WL) n = 267). Five hundred and twenty-seven patients were finally included in the assessment. Examinations were performed by three experienced colonoscopists. The NBI was used only at the withdrawal of the instrument.

Comparing WL and NBI colonoscopies, differences in the mean number of detected polyps per patient (1.36 ±2.79 WL vs. 1.65 ±2.11 NBI; p = 0.012), polyp detection rate (PDR) (48.5% WL vs. 57.2% NBI; p = 0.049), PDR for polyps ≤ 5 mm (44.7% WL vs. 54% NBI; p = 0.033), and PDR for left-sided polyps (43.3% WL vs. 52.7% NBI; p = 0.033) were observed. The difference in adenoma detection rate (ADR) as well as in adenomas/patient was not significant. Narrow-band imaging enhanced significantly one of three operators’ ADR (15.6% WL vs. 25.7% NBI; p = 0.038).

It seems that NBI improves only detection of hyperplastic polyps, especially those that are diminutive and left-sided. However, after analysis of particular endoscopists, it can clearly be seen that some of them may benefit from NBI.

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