eISSN: 1644-4124
ISSN: 1426-3912
Central European Journal of Immunology
Current issue Archive Manuscripts accepted About the journal Editorial board Abstracting and indexing Subscription Contact Instructions for authors Ethical standards and procedures
SCImago Journal & Country Rank
2/2020
vol. 45
 
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abstract:

Risk factors of partial IgA deficiency among low serum IgA patients: a retrospective observational study

Kazuki M. Matsuda
1
,
Hiroko Arioka
1
,
Daiki Kobayashi
2

1.
Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, St. Luke’s International Hospital, Tokyo, Japan
2.
Center for Clinical Epidemiology, St. Luke’s International Hospital, Tokyo, Japan
Cent Eur J Immunol 2020; 45 (2): 189-194
Online publish date: 2020/07/27
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Introduction
Partial IgA deficiency (pIgAD), including selective IgA deficiency, is one of the most common types of immunodeficiency. Early detection is crucial to prevent complications, such as recurrent infections and anaphylactic reactions to blood derivatives.

Material and methods
Useful screening methods have not yet been established. We conducted a single-center retrospective observational study, with low serum IgA patients to clarify the risk factors of pIgAD among patients with low serum levels of IgA. All patients with low serum IgA levels treated in our outpatient clinic from April 2010 to March 2016 were retrospectively reviewed using electronic medical records. We performed c2 tests and Student’s t-tests for the univariate analysis, logistic regression analysis using the multiple imputation method for the multivariate analysis, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis.

Results
The univariate analysis showed statistically significant differences between the pIgAD group and the non-pIgAD group in age, gender, blood cell counts, serum protein levels, and renal function tests. The multivariate analysis revealed that female gender, a white blood cell counts lower than 10,000/µl, and a hemoglobin level of 10.0-15.0 g/dl are predictive factors of pIgAD.

Conclusions
After estimating any missing data using the multiple imputation method, age younger than 60 years old was also statistically significant. ROC curve analysis confirmed the validity of the model used in our multivariate analysis. When clinicians encounter low serum IgA patients who are female, of younger age, and have normal blood cell counts, and hemoglobin levels, they should suspect the existence of pIgAD.

keywords:

partial IgA deficiency, selective IgA deficiency, retrospective observational study, multivariate analysis, logistic regression analysis, multiple imputation method, ROC curve analysis

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