eISSN: 2081-2841
ISSN: 1689-832X
Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
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vol. 11
Original paper

Subdermal injection of hyaluronic acid to decrease skin toxicity from radiation delivered with low-dose-rate brachytherapy for cancer patients

Yuan Yuan
Zhang Ying
Dai Jianjian
Lin Qi
Xu Ruicai
Geng Baocheng
Han Mingyong

J Contemp Brachytherapy 2019; 11, 1: 14–20
Online publish date: 2019/02/06
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To study the feasibility of hyaluronic acid (HA) injection to increase the distance between skin and radioactive sources, and dose reduction of skin during low-dose-rate (LDR) brachytherapy.

Material and methods
A total of 11 patients with subdermal malignant tumors were enrolled in this study. HA was injected after I-125 seed implantation, and dosimetric parameters were calculated by a brachytherapy treatment planning system (BTPS). The distance of the new space between radioactive sources and skin was measured on computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Clinical signs were observed and followed up for every patient.

After HA injection, the average of newly generated maximum distance was 1.0 cm along the entire length of the tumor. The D90 and V100 did not significantly change for tumors before or after injection (p = 0.39, p = 0.50, respectively). The maximum dose to a relatively small volume (0.1 cc) of the skin (OAR-Max) decreased from 100.66 Gy to 61.20 Gy (p < 0.05), and the mean skin dose (OAR-Mean) decreased from 49.20 Gy to 17.27 Gy (p < 0.05) after injection. On follow-up CT and MRI, HA was quite stable in shape and position for nearly 6 months.

Our study results showed that an additional 1.0 cm distance between the radioactive source and skin could be induced by HA injection in patients with subdermal tumor, and this distance could significantly decrease the skin dose in LDR brachytherapy. In addition, no obvious toxicity and side effects were produced by HA injection. Therefore, hyaluronic acid injection is a safe and effective technique.


hyaluronic acid, low-dose-rate brachytherapy, subdermal malignant tumor

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